Usnea filipendula

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Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Usnea
Species: Usnea filipendula


Usnea filipendula Stirt., 1881


Usnea dasypoga (Ach.) Shirley


  • Stirton, J., Scottish Natural., vol. 6, 1881, p. 104.
  • Stirton, J. (1881) On the genus Usnea and a new genus allied to it. - Scottish Naturalist 6: 100–107.   (Mattick Rec.# 30097 - Mattick's Index on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Usnea (pp. 709-726) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of U. filipendula, and distribution map for North America: p. 718; color photo: p. 718, plate 883)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Usnea (pp. 389-398) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp. (Description, distribution map, and color photo of U. filipendula: p. 394)
  • Halonen, P., Clerc, P., Goward, T., Brodo, I.M. and Wulff, K. (1998) Synopsis of the genus Usnea (lichenized Ascomycetes) in British Columbia, Canada. The Bryologist 101(1): 36–60.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec.# 7545 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (PDF file) (JSTOR) (Description of U. filipendula: p. 49)
  • Herrera-Campos, M.A., Clerc, P. and Nash III, T.H. (1998) Pendulous species of Usnea from temperate forests in Mexico. The Bryologist 101(2): 303–329.   (RLL List # 171 / Rec.# 8393 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR) (Description of U. filipendula: p. 319; black-and-white photo of segments of main branch: p. 307, fig 5e; black-and-white photo of soralia: p. 309, fig. 8e; distribution map for Mexico: p. 315, fig 12i)
  • James, P.W., Clerc, P. and Purvis, O.W. (1992) Usnea (pp. 620-629) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of U. filipendula: p. 625)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1984) Usnea (pp. 461-470). In, American Arctic Lichens: 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York, 504 pages. (Description of U. filipendula [as Usnea dasypoga]: pp. 463-464; illustration of thallus, and Arctic distribution map [as U. dasypogo]: p. 465)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Usnea (pp.235-241). In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of U. filipendula: p. 237)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Usnea (pp. 940-953 - Teil 2) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (Description of U. filipendula: p. 947; color photo: p. 944; illustration of a branch: p. 943, Usnea a:)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Fishbone beard lichen,   Beard lichen
suomi: Riippunaava