Thermophis baileyi

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Taxonavigation: Colubroidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Heterodontinae
Genus: Thermophis
Species: Thermophis baileyi


Thermophis baileyi (Wall, 1907: 617)

Type locality: “Thibet” [= Tibet].
Etymology: named after Joseph Randle Bailey (1913-1998).


  • Tropidonotus baileyi Wall, 1907: 617
  • Thermophis baileyi — Malnate, 1953
  • Thermophis baileyi — Guo & Chen, 2000
  • Thermophis baileyi — Sun et al., 2011


  • Wall, F. 1907: Some new Asian snakes. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 17: 612–618.

  • Malnate, E.V., 1953: The taxonomic status of the Tibetan colubrid snake Natrix baileyi. Copeia, 1953(2): 92–96.
  • Liu, S.Y. & E.M. Zhao. 2004: Discovery of Thermophis baileyi (Wall, 1907), a snake endemic to Xizang AR, from Litang County, Sichuan, China. Sichuan Journal of Zoology, 23: 234–235.
  • Dorge, T., S. Hofmann, M. Wangdwei, L. Duoje, T. Solhøy & G. Miehe, 2007: The ecological specialist, Thermophis baileyi (Wall, 1907): new records, distribution and biogeographic conclusions. Herpetological Bulletin, 101: 8–12.
  • Hofmann, S., T. Dorge, T. Solhøy & G. Miehe, 2010: Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the Tibetan hot spring snake (Thermophis baileyi). Molecular Ecology Resources, 10: 1098–1105.
  • Hofmann, S., 2012: Population genetic structure and geographic differentiation in the hot spring snake Thermophis baileyi (Serpentes, Colubridae): indications for glacial refuges in southern-central Tibet. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 63: 396–406.
  • Hofmann, S., P. Fritzsche, T. Solhøy, T. Dorge & G. Miehe, 2012: Evidence of Sex-biased Dispersal in Thermophis baileyi Inferred from Microsatellite Markers. Herpetologica, 68(4): 514–522. DOI: 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-12-00017.
  • Hofmann, S.; Kraus, S.; Dorge, T.; Nothnagel, M.; Fritzsche, P.; Miehe, G.; 2014: Effects of Pleistocene climatic fluctuations on the phylogeography, demography and population structure of a high-elevation snake species, Thermophis baileyi, on the Tibetan Plateau. Journal of Biogeography, 41: 2162–2172.
  • Sun, Xiaoyu; Shaoying Liu & Song Huang, 2011: Tibetan Plateau Relict Snakes of the Genus Thermophis and Their Relationship to New World Relict Snakes. Asian Herpetological Research, 2(3): 161–168. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1245.2011.00161.

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Xizang Hot-spring Keel-back