Thamnophis sirtalis

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Thamnophis sirtalis


Taxonavigation: Colubroidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Natricinae
Genus: Thamnophis
Species: Thamnophis sirtalis
Subspecies (13): T. s. annectens – T. s. concinnus – T. s. dorsalis – T. s. fitchi – T. s. infernalis – T. s. lowei – T. s. pallidulus – T. s. parietalis – T. s. pickeringii – T. s. semifasciatus – T. s. similis – T. s. sirtalis – T. s. tetrataenia


Thamnophis sirtalis (Linnaeus, 1758) [conserved name]

  • Type material: probably lost.
  • Neotype: FMNH 73660 (formerly ROM 7167), adult ♂, collected by G.M. Bureau in 1942. [designated by Schmidt & Conant (1956: 228), rejected by Opinion 771 (1966: 38)]
  • Type locality: “Canada”, restricted to “Quebec, Quebec County, Province of Quebec, Canada” by Schmidt & Conant (1956: 228), and rejected by Opinion 771 (1966: 38).
  • Placed on the Official List of Specific Names in Zoology by Opinion 385 (1956: 193).


  • Coluber sirtalis Linnaeus, 1758: 222 [original combination]
  • Eutaenia sirtalisBaird & Girard, 1853: 31 [subsequent combination]
  • Thamnophis sirtalisGarman, 1892: 104 [subsequent combination]


Primary references[edit]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio Decima, Reformata. Tomus I. Holmiæ (Stockholm): impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. 824 pp. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542 BHL Reference page
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1956. Opinion 385. Determination under the Plenary Powers of the method to be adopted in interpreting the nominal species “Coluber sirtalisLinnaeus, 1758, the common garter snake of the eastern United States, and approval of the neotype designated for the foregoing species and of that designated for the ribbon snake of North America. pp. 191–230, 2 pls. In Hemming, F. (Ed.). Opinions and Declarations of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Volume 12. Part 6. International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature: London. BHL Reference page
  • International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. 1966. Opinion 771. Thamnophis sirtalis Linnaeus, 1758 (Reptilia): rejection under the plenary powers of the neotype specimen designated for that species by Opinion 385. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 23(1): 38–40. BHL Reference page


Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Užovka proužkovaná
Deutsch: Gewöhnliche Strumpfbandnatter
English: Common Garter Snake
español: Serpiente de jarretera
français: Couleuvre rayée
magyar: Vörös szalagoskígyó
lietuvių: Paprastoji raištinė gyvatė
Nederlands: Gewone kousenbandslang
norsk: Strømpebåndssnok
polski: Pończosznik prążkowany
português: Thamnophis sirtalis
svenska: Strumpebandssnok
українська: Підв'язкова змія звичайна
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