From Wikispecies
Jump to navigation Jump to search


  • The position of Platyzoa is disputed. It is either (1) a derived (and secondarily simplified) clade of Lophotrochozoa (Passamaneck & Halanych, 2006); or (2) sister taxon to Lophotrochozoa, together forming the clade Spiralia (Helmkampf et al., 2008). Option (2) has been adopted herein.


  • Helmkampf, M., Bruchhaus, I. & Hausdorf, B. 2008. Multigene analysis of lophophorate and chaetognath phylogenetic relationships. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 46: 206–214.
  • Passamaneck, Y. & Halanych, K.M. 2006. Lophotrochozoan phylogeny assessed with LSU and SSU data: evidence of lophophorate polyphyly. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution 40: 20–28.

— The preceding unsigned comment was added by Stho002 (talkcontribs) 21:09, 11 February 2009.

Chaetognaths = Deuterostomia?[edit]

Chaetognaths are Deuterostomia, aren't they? I wouldn't know of any doubt about that. — The preceding unsigned comment was added by (talk) 18:21, 26 November 2004

Recent studies have shown that they are in fact Protostomia. Identification of Chaetognaths as Protostomes is supported by the analysis of their mitochondrial genome --Chb 22:17, 26 Nov 2004 (UTC)
Embryologically, the chaetognaths are deuterostomes. However, all genetic studies have shown them to actually be protostomes.
-Awesome 210 — The preceding unsigned comment was added by Awesome 210 (talkcontribs) 16:32, 12 February 2016.

More divisions?[edit]

Are the lophotrochozoa and ecdysozoa clades/divisions for protostomia not included for a reason? — The preceding unsigned comment was added by Epb~specieswiki (talkcontribs) 18:08, 16 April 2005.


Is Dinocarida a class or a phylum? It is currently being treated as a class of the phylum 'Problematica' and a phylum in its own right. Also,is Dinocarida a sort of catch-all for Cambrian invertebrates that don't have known living relatives?

--Rutledge (talk) 21:45, 13 March 2007 (EST)


Protostomia is not cladus. Protostomia is superphylum. Please edit the template.--Allforrous (talk) 00:34, 25 August 2014 (UTC)[reply]

Actually, the modern consensus is that it is not a superphylum, but its three subgroups (Ecdysozoa, Lophotrochozoa, and Platyzoa) are. — The preceding unsigned comment was added by Awesome 210 (talkcontribs) 20:58, 14 February 2016.

External links modified[edit]

Hello fellow editors,

I have just modified 2 external links on Protostomia. Please take a moment to review my edit. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple FaQ for additional information. I made the following changes:

When you have finished reviewing my changes, you may follow the instructions on the template below to fix any issues with the URLs.

Cheers.—InternetArchiveBot (Report bug) 11:12, 9 June 2017 (UTC)[reply]