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This genus Castalius and the allied Tarucus are dealt with authoritatively by Hirowatari, 1992, on the basis of venation and genitalia and the pages I create here will follow this arrangement for the Oriental species. For the closely allied species from the Afrotropical Region, I follow Williams and Savela (both web-based sources) and use the generic names Tuxentius Larsen and Zintha Eliot. Accassidy 17:44, 19 February 2010 (UTC)


In Butterflies of Sulawesi, Vane-Wright & de Jong included C. clathratus Holland and C. fluvialis Grose-Smith as species of Castalius. Savela also keeps these two species but attributes them to Tarucus Moore rather than to Castalius. Hirowatari, in a more authoritative revision of Oriental Polyommatini, makes no mention of either of these two taxa under either genus.

Grose-Smith described fluvialis from a single female and even states in his original thoughts that it might be the female of clathratus. He also berates Holland's description and figuring of clathratus as inadequate. Bethune-Baker, 1917, notes also that fluvialis is almost certainly the female of clathratus.

My intention here, in the absence of a more formal revision, is to include clathratus of Holland and fluvialis of Grose-Smith as synonymous but to place them in Castalius. This is tentative, awaiting results of dissection of the male genitalia of the type of clathratus which is in the Carnegie Museum.


These in addition to those on the genus page.

  • Druce, H. H., 1895. A monograph of the Bornean Lycaenidae, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1895: 556-627, 4 pls.
  • Grose-Smith, H., 1895. Descriptions of New Species of Butterflies captured by Mr. Doherty in the Islands of the Eastern Archipelago. (part ii). Novit. zool. 2: 505-514.
  • Holland, W. J., 1890. Asiatic Lepidoptera. List of the diurnal Lepidoptera taken by Mr. William Doherty of Cincinnati in Celebes, June and July 1887, with dewscriptions of some apparently new forms. Proc. Boston Soc. nat. Hist. 25: 52-82, pls 3-5.
  • Vane-Wright, R. I. & de Jong, R., 2003. The Butterflies of Sulawesi, NMNH, Leiden.

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