Staurothele areolata

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Taxonavigation: Verrucariales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Eurotiomycetes
Subclassis: Chaetothyriomycetidae
Ordo: Verrucariales

Familia: Verrucariaceae
Genus: Staurothele
Species: Staurothele areolata



Staurothele areolata (Ach.) Lettau, 1912

World distribution: Circumpolar temperate and boreal; western montane specimens range up 3600 m and extending to central Mexico

  • Staurothele clopima var. areolata Trevis., 1860


  • Lichen areolatus Menzies, Lich. univ.: 449 (1810)
  • Pertusaria areolata (Ach.) A. Massal., Ric. auton. lich. crost. (Verona): 189 (1852)



Primary references

  • Lettau, Hedwigia 52: 84 (1912)

Additional references

  • Thomson, J.W. (1991) The lichen genus Staurothele in North America. - The Bryologist 94(4): 351–367.   **[RLL List # / Rec.# 18504] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (JSTOR) (Discussion of 2. Staurothele areolata: p. 354; black-and-white photo: p. 353, fig. 2; distribution map: p. 360, fig. 17)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Staurothele Norman (pp. 590-597) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   **[RLL List # 170/ Rec.# 18517] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Staurothele areolata: p. 591; black-and-white photo and distribution map for the American arctic: p. 592)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2002) Staurothele (pp. 468-472) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   **[RLL List # 187 / Rec.# 23134] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Staurothele areolata and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 469)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Staurothele Norman (pp. 219-221) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   **[RLL List # 190 / Rec.# 24161] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Staurothele areolata: p. 220)

Vernacular names