Spirographa pyramidalis

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Taxonavigation: Ostropales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Ostropomycetidae
Ordo: Ostropales

Familia: Spirographaceae
Genus: Spirographa
Species: Spirographa pyramidalis


Spirographa pyramidalis (Etayo) Flakus, Etayo, & Miadlikowska, 2019

  • Lichenicolous fungus (parasite on living lichens)

Diagnosis: Conidiomata pycnidia, immersa vel partim erumpentia, globosa, pallide rufa, 50-70 μm diam, ostiolata. Paries pycnidialis pseudoparenchymaticus supra rufa et infra hyalina. Conidiophora et cellulae conidiogenae difficiliter visibilia; Conidia holoblastica, hyalina, pyramidalia, aseptata, 4-5 μm lata.

Type: SPAIN: Guipuzkoa, Peñas de Aia, way to Bianditz, 400-600 m, 43º16’ N, 1º47’ W, on Hypotrachyna revoluta on Larix, 3.vii.2008, J. Etayo 24739 (VIT-holotypus, hb. Etayoisotypus).

Etymology: The species name reflects the conidial shape of this species.


Primary references[edit]

  • Flakus, A., Etayo, J., Miadlikowska, J., Lutzoni, F., Kukwa, M., Matura, N. and Rodriguez-Flakus, P., 2019. Biodiversity assessment of ascomycetes inhabiting Lobariella lichens in Andean cloud forests led to one new family, three new genera and 13 new species of lichenicolous fungi. Plant and Fungal Systematics, 64(2), pp.283-344. DOI: 10.2478/pfs-2019-0022

Additional references[edit]

  • Etayo, Opuscula Philolichenum 8: 134 (2010)
  • Etayo, J. (2010) Lichenicolous fungi from the western Pyrenees. V. Three new ascomycetes. Opuscula Philolichenum 8: 131–139.   **[RLL List # 222 / Rec.# 32636] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (PDF file) (Black-and-white photos of Cornutispora pyramidalis: page 135, plate 2, figs. 1-5)
  • Lawrey, J.D. and Diederich, P. (2011) Lichenicolous fungi – worldwide checklist, including isolated cultures and sequences available. - http://www.lichenicolous.net (4/10/2011)


Vernacular names[edit]