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Sphinctrina turbinata


Taxonavigation: Sphinctrinaceae 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Eurotiomycetes
Subclassis: Mycocaliciomycetidae
Ordo: Mycocaliciales
Familia: Sphinctrinaceae

Genus: Sphinctrina
Species: S. anglica – S. benmargana – S. intermedia – S. leucopoda – S. pallidella – S. paramerae – S. tubiformis – S. turbinata


Sphinctrina Fr., 1825

Type species: Sphinctrina turbinata (Pers. ex Fr.) De Not., 1846

Life habit: Parasitic or commensalistic on lichens.

Thallus: Immersed, inapparent.

Ascomata: Apothecial, sessile to short-stalked, black, without pruina.


  • Fr. Syst. Orb. Veg.: 120 (1825)
  • Boqueras M. (2000) Líquens Epífits i Fongs Liquenícoles del Sud de Catalunya: Flora i Comunitats [The Epiphytic Lichens and Lichenicolous Fungi of South Catalonia: Flora and Communities]. Institut d'Estudis Catalans, Barcelona. 556 pages. 80 fig. 8 tab.   **[RLL List # 183 / Rec.# 22089] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**
  • Purvis, O.W. (1992) Sphinctrina Fr. (1828) (pp. 569-570) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   **[RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**
  • Tibell, L. (1975) The Caliciales of boreal North America. Symbolae Bot. Upsaliensis 21(2): 1–128.   **[RLL List # 92-86 / Rec.# 18593] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**
  • Tibell, L. (1980) The lichen genus Chaenotheca in the Northern Hemisphere. Symbolae Botanicae Upsaliensis 33: 1–65.   **[RLL List # 111-80 / Rec.# 18602 - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Caliciales. Nordic Lichen Flora 1: 20–71.
  • Tibell, L. 1999: Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T/Jørgensen, PM/Kristinsson, H/Moberg, R/Søchting, U/Thor, G (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   **[RLL List # 182 / Rec.# 21646] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**
  • Tibell, L. (2004) Sphinctrina (pp. 699-701) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D., Diederich, P., Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26025] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**


Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Сфінктрына
English: Sphinctrina lichen