Sphenodon guntheri

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Taxonavigation: Rhynchocephalia 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Rhynchocephalia

Familia: Sphenodontidae
Genus: Sphenodon
Species: Sphenodon guntheri


  • Sphenodon guntheri Buller, 1877
    • Gender: unchangeable (patronym)
    • Original genus: Sphenodon
    • Original status: valid species
    • Primary type: syntypes
    • Type locality: 'Brothers Islands'

Primary references[edit]

  • Buller, W.L. 1877: Notes on the tuatara lizard (Sphenodon punctatum), with a description of a supposed new species. Transactions and proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 9: 317–325. full text and pdf


  • Daugherty, C.H.; Cree, A.; Hay, J.M.; Thompson, M.B. 1990: Neglected taxonomy and continuing extinctions of tuatara (Sphenodon). Nature, 347: 177–179. DOI: 10.1038/347177a0 PDF
  • Freeman, A.B.; Freeman, A.N.D. 1995: Rediscovery of an original type specimen of Sphenodon guntheri Buller in the Canterbury Museum, New Zealand. New Zealand journal of zoology, 22(3): 357–359. DOI: 10.1080/03014223.1995.9518052
  • Miller, K.A. et al. 2010: Changing taxonomy and the need for supplementation in the management of re-introductions of Brothers Island tuatara in Cook Strait, New Zealand. Pp. 93-97 in: Soorae, P.S. (ed.), Global re-introduction perspectives: additional case studies from around the globe. IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group, Abu Dhabi, UAE.

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Brothers Island tuatara
polski: Hatteria niespodziana