Sherardia arvensis

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Sherardia arvensis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Rubioideae
Tribus: Rubieae
Genus: Sherardia
Species: Sherardia arvensis

Name[edit]

Sherardia arvensis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 102. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Hexodontocarpus arvensis (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 467. 1867.
    • Asperula sherardia Hallier in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl.: 1199. 1893.
    • Galium sherardia E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 12: 187. 1904.
  • Heterotypic
    • Sherardia umbellata Gilib., Exerc. Phyt. 1: 26. 1792, opus utiq. oppr.
    • Asterophyllum scherardianum K.F.Schimp. & Spenn. in F.C.L.Spenner, Fl. Friburg. 3: 1077. 1829.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. albiflora Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 94. 1836.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. maritima Griseb., Spic. Fl. Rumel. 2: 169. 1846.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. hirsuta Baguet, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15: 132. 1876.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. walrawenii Wirtg. ex Baguet, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15: 132. 1876.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. neglecta Guépin ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 335. 1879), nom. nud.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. hirta R.Uechtr. in E.Fiek & R.K.F.von Uechtritz, Fl. Schlesien: 195. 1881.
    • Sherardia affinis Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 14. 1883.
    • Sherardia elliptica Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 15. 1883.
    • Sherardia pantocsekii Gand., Contr. Fl. Terr. Slav. Merid. 1: 14. 1883.
    • Sherardia agraria Tornab., Fl. Sicul.: 284. 1887.
    • Asperula sherardia var. maritima (Griseb.) Höck in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 1199. 1893.
    • Sherardia maritima (Griseb.) Borbás, Magyar Bot. Lapok 2: 302. 1903.
    • Sherardia arvensis var. littoralis Conill, Bull. Assoc. Pyrén. Échange Pl. 15: 13. 1905.
    • Sherardia arvensis f. argentina Hicken, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 65: 311. 1908.
    • Sherardia arvensis subsp. maritima (Griseb.) Jáv., Magyar Fl.: 1035. 1925.
    • Sherardia arvensis f. maritima (Griseb.) Litard., Candollea 11: 216. 1948.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, former Yugoslavia
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia (introduced), Ukraine
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira, Selvagens
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan (introduced)
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Mozambique, Zimbabwe (introduced)
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal (introduced)
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, West Siberia
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Primorye (introduced)
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Taiwan (introduced)
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia (introduced)
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Chatham Islands, Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South. (introduced)
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia (introduced)
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois (introduced)
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Vermont (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California (introduced)
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Kentucky, Tennessee (introduced)
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central (introduced)
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica (introduced)
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bermuda, Cuba, Haiti (introduced)
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru (introduced)
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Chile Central, Uruguay (introduced)
  • Continental: Antarctic
    • Regional: Subantarctic Islands
      • Crozet Islands (introduced)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: bračka rolní
Cymraeg: mandon las yr ŷd
dansk: Almindelig Blåstjerne
Deutsch: Ackerröte
English: field madder, blue field madder, blue fieldmadder
español: raspilla
eesti: Madarik
suomi: Sinimatara
Gàidhlig: Màdar na Machrach
hornjoserbsce: Rólny šešerjačk, Šešerjačk, Rólny šešeračk
日本語: ハナヤエムグラ, ハナヤエムグラ属
lietuvių: Dirvinė šerardija
Nederlands: Blauw Walstro
polski: Rolnica pospolita, Rolnica
português: granza, granza-dos-campos
русский: Жерардия
slovenčina: drapuľa roľná
svenska: Åkermadd, Blåmadra
中文: 雪亚迪草
For more multimedia, look at Sherardia arvensis on Wikimedia Commons.