Selaginella kraussiana

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Selaginella kraussiana


Taxonavigation: Selaginellales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Lycopodiophyta
Classis: Lycopodiopsida
Subclassis: Isoetidae
Ordo: Selaginellales

Familia: Selaginellaceae
Genus: Selaginella
Species: Selaginella kraussiana


Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A.Braun, Index sem. hort. bot. berol. 1859: 22. 1860.

  • Protologue specimens (syntypes): South Africa, “In sylvis Zitzikamma districtus Uitenhage in terra detexit Kraus Martio 1839 — Ad portum Natalensem inter Omfondi et Tagela in sylvis umbrosis humidis, et in coronis rupium saxis adpressum; nec non in faucibus umbrosis sylvarum prope rivulum haud procul a Chakas-Kraal legit Gueinzius”.
  • Lectotype (designated by Bizzarri 1975: 577): “Port. Natal.”, Guenzius (K 000351292; isolectotype: P 00065023); paralectotypes in FI and W.


  • Basionym
    • Lycopodium kraussianum Kunze, Linnaea 18: 114. 1844.
  • Homotypic
    • Didiclis kraussiana (Kunze) Rothm., Feddes Repert. 54: 71. 1944.
    • Lycopodioides kraussiana (Kunze) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1–2: 826. 1891.
  • Heterotypic
    • Selaginella albarracinensis Pau, des. inval.
    • Selaginella azorica Baker, J. Bot. 21: 210. 1883.
      • Lycopodioides azorica (Baker) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1–2: 825. 1891.
    • Selaginella brownii Bull. ex Stansfield, The Garden 13: 415. 1878.
    • Selaginella canescens Fée, Cr. vasc. Br. 2: 99, no. 11, t. 108. 1872–73.
    • Selaginella hortensis Mett., Fil. Hort. Bot. Lips. 125 (descr.), 128. 1856
      • Protologue occurrence: Cultivated in the Botanical Garden of Leipzig.
      • Lectotype (designated by Bizzarri 1975: 577): “H. Lips.”, Mettenius (K).
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. aurea W. Bull., Cat. n. 164: 7. 1880.
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. brownii Hort. ex Nich., Dict. Gard. 3: 409 and 411. 1887.
    • Selaginella kraussiana var. variegata hort.
    • Selaginella poulteri Veitch, Cat. 17, f. 7. 1868.
      • Didiclis poulteri (Veitch) Rothm., Feddes Repert. 54: 71. 1944.
      • Lycopodioides poulteri (Veitch) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1–2: 827. 1891.
      • Selaginella kraussiana var. poulteri (Veitch) A.Braun, App. Ind. Sem. Hort. Berol. 8. 1871.
  • Misapplied names


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain (introduced), Ireland (introduced in Ireland (country), Northern Ireland)
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Belgium (introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Corse (introduced), France (mainland France, Channel islands introduced), Portugal (introduced), Spain (introduced).
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy (introduced), Sicilia (introduced in Sicily (island)).
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (introduced in Corvo, Faial, Flores, Graciosa, Pico, Santa Maria, São Miguel, São Jorge, Terceira), Canary Islands (introduced in Gran Canaria, Hierro, Tenerife), Cape Verde (Boa Vista, Brava, Fogo, Maio, Sal, Santa Luzia, Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau, São Vicente), Madeira (introduced in Madeira).
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Sierre Leone
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is. (Bioko), Rwanda, Zaïre
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape, Western Cape), KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces (Mpumalanga, North-West Province)
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Guizhou (introduced), China Southeast (Guangdong (introduced)).
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands (introduced), New South Wales (introduced), South Australia (introduced), Victoria (introduced).
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North (introduced), New Zealand South (introduced).
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands, introduced in Oahu, Maui, Hawaii Isl.).
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California (introduced).
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama (introduced), Georgia (introduced), North Carolina (introduced), South Carolina (introduced), Virginia (introduced).
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Panama (introduced).
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Jamaica (introduced).
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela (introduced).
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South (introduced).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Woudaarmos
English: African Clubmoss, Krauss' Spikemoss
français: Sélaginelle de Krauss
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Selaginella kraussiana on Wikimedia Commons.