Secale cereale

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Навигацияға күсергә Эҙләүгә күсергә
Secale cereale

Таксонавигация[үҙгәртергә]

Таксонавигация: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Pooideae
Tribus: Hordeeae
Genus: Secale
Species: Secale cereale

Название[үҙгәртергә]

Secale cereale L., Sp. Pl. 1: 84 (1753).

Синонимы[үҙгәртергә]

  • Гомотипный
    • Triticum cereale (L.) Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 27 (1796).
    • Triticum secale Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 183 (1833), nom. superfl.
    • Secale cereale var. vulgare Ser., Ann. Sci. Phys. Nat. Lyon 4: 368 (1841), nom. inval.
  • Гетеротипический
    • Secale cereale var. vernum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 84 (1753).
      • Secale cereale var. vernum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 118 (1789), isonym [IPNI, POWO: vol. "2:"]
      • Secale vernum (L.) Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 54 (1806), pro syn. nom. inval.
      • Secale vernum Poir. ex Risso, Hist. Nat. Prod. Eur. Mérid. 2: 364 (1826). [POWO: p. "264"]
      • Secale cereale var. vernum (L.) Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 449 (1833), isonym
    • Secale cereale var. hybernum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 84 (1753).
      • Secale cereale var. hybernum Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 118 (1789), isonym
      • Secale hybernum (L.) Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 54 (1806), pro syn. nom. inval.
    • Triticum ramosum Weigel, Diss. Hort. Gryph.: 10 (1782).
    • Secale sibiricum Georgi, Beschr. Nation. Russ. Reich 3(4): 714 (1800), nom. nud.
    • Secale cereale var. compositum Koeler, Descr. Gramin.: 368 (1802).
      • Secale compositum (Koeler) Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 7: 54 (1806), pro syn. nom. inval.
    • Secale triflorum P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 105, 178 (1812).
    • Secale spontaneum Fisch. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 757 (1821), pro syn. nom. inval.
    • Secale cereale var. arduennense Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa: 29 (1825).
    • Secale cereale var. triflorum Lej., Rev. Fl. Spa: 225 (1825).
    • Secale creticum Sieber ex Kunth, Enum. Pl. 1: 449 (1833), pro syn. nom. inval.
    • Secale aestivum Uspenski, Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 368 (1834), nom. nud.
    • Secale cereale subsp. aestivum Schübl. & G.Martens, Fl. Würtemberg: 43 (1834).
      • Secale cereale var. aestivum (Schübl. & G.Martens) Alef., Landw. Fl.: 339 (1866).
    • Secale arundinaceum Trautv., Schilfroggen: 1, 2 (1840).
      • Secale cereale var. arundinaceum (Trautv.) Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 568 (1846).
    • Secale cereale var. ramosum Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 568 (1846).
    • Secale cereale var. biflorum Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 568 (1846).
    • Secale cereale var. multicaule Metzg. ex Alef., Landw. Fl.: 338 (1866).
    • Triticum cereale f. brevispicatum Waisb., Magyar Bot. Lapok 7: 43 (1908).
      • Secale cereale f. brevispicatum (Waisb.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972).
    • Triticum cereale var. montaniforme Waisb., Magyar Bot. Lapok 7: 42 (1908).
      • Secale cereale f. montaniforme (Waisb.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 120 (1971 publ. 1972).
    • Secale cereale subsp. ancestrale Zhuk., Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19(2): 54 (1928).
      • Secale ancestrale (Zhuk.) Zhuk., Zemledel. Turtsiya: 274 (1933).
      • Secale cereale var. ancestrale (Zhuk.) Kit Tan in P.H.Davis (ed.), Fl. Turkey 9: 259 (1985).
    • Secale cereale var. spontaneum Zhuk., Trudy Prikl. Bot. 19(2): 54 (1928).
    • Secale cereale infrasp. indoeuropaeum Antropov & Antropova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. Prilozh. 36: 128 (1929).
    • Secale cereale infrasp. rigidum Antropov & Antropova, Trudy Prikl. Bot. Prilozh. 36: 128 (1929).
    • Secale ancestrale var. aidinum Zhuk., Zemledel. Turtsiya: 274 (1933).
    • Secale ancestrale var. arenosum Zhuk., Zemledel. Turtsiya: 274 (1933).
    • Secale ancestrale var. karaburun Zhuk., Zemledel. Turtsiya: 274 (1933).
    • Secale ancestrale var. spontaneum Zhuk., Zemledel. Turtsiya: 274 (1933).
    • Secale turkestanicum Bensin, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 60: 156 (1933).
    • Secale montanum var. balcanum Gančev, Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Bulg. 1: 486 (1963) nom. inval. (no type).
    • Secale cereale subsp. tetraploidum Kobyl., Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 48: 68 (1975).
    • Secale cereale subsp. tsitsinii Kobyl., Byull. Vsesoyuzn. Ordena Lenina Ordena Druzhby Narodov Nauchno-Issl. Inst. Rasteniev. N. I. Vavilova 48: 68 (1975).

Note: Cultigen from S. Turkey, derived from Secale vavilovii.

Ареал[үҙгәртергә]

Естественный ареал:
  • Continental: Europe (introduced)
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain, Ireland.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Turkey-in-Europe.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa (introduced)
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Gulf of Guinea Islands.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Tanzania.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Russian Far East (introduced)
      • Amur, Kamchatka, Khabarovsk, Primorye.
    • Regional: Middle Asia (introduced)
      • ⧼Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.⧽
    • Regional: Caucasus (introduced)⧽
      • ⧼North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.⧽
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine (introduced), Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula (introduced)
      • Saudi Arabia (doubtfully present).
    • Regional: China (introduced)
      • China South-Central, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, China North-Central, China Southeast, Xinjiang.
    • Regional: Mongolia (introduced)
      • Mongolia.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia (introduced)
      • Japan, Korea, Taiwan.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical (introduced)
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Jawa (extinct).
  • Continental: Australasia (introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Greenland, Northwest Territories, Yukon.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Colombia, Ecuador.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.

Источники: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Источники[үҙгәртергә]

Первичные источники[үҙгәртергә]

  • Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 84. Reference page
  • Антропов, В.И. [Antropov, V.I.] & Антропова В.Ф. [Antropova, V.F.] 1929. Рожь СССР и сопредельных стран [Rye in USSR and in the adjoining countries]. - Ленинград : Всесоюзный институт прикладной ботаники и новых культур при СНК СССР : Государственный институт опытной агрономии НКЗ РСФСР, 1929 (тип. "Коминтерн" Центр. изд-ва народов СССР). - 366 с., 1 вклад. л. карт : ил., черт., картогр., схем.; 26х17 см. - Приложение к Трудам по прикладной ботанике, генетике и селекции 36: 1–366. (Russian) Google Books Open access Reference page
  • Zhukovsky, P.M. (Joukovsky P.) (Жуковский, П.М.) 1933. Земледельческая Турция (Азиатская часть – Анатолия) [La Turquie Agricole (Partie Asiatique – Anatolie)]. Москва–Ленинград : Государстенное издательство колхозной и совхозной литературы [Moscou–Leningrad: Les editions de l'État Section Agricole Selkhozghiz]. XXVII, 908 с., [14] л. карт, табл., цв. ил. : ил.; 27 см. (Russian) Google Books Open access Reference page

Ссылки[үҙгәртергә]

Народные названия[үҙгәртергә]

Afrikaans: Rog
беларуская: Жыта
български: Ръж
বাংলা: রাই
català: Sègol
čeština: žito seté
dansk: Almindelig Rug
Deutsch: Roggen
English: Rye, harvest rye
Esperanto: Sekalo
español: Centeno
eesti: Rukis
suomi: Ruis, leipäruis
Nordfriisk: Roog
français: Seigle
Frysk: Rogge
galego: Centeo
hrvatski: Raž
magyar: rozs
íslenska: Rúgur
日本語: ライムギ
Lëtzebuergesch: Kar
Limburgs: Rogge
македонски: ’Рж
Mirandés: Centeno
Nederlands: Rogge, zomerrogge, koren
norsk nynorsk: Rug
norsk: Dyrket rug
polski: żyto
português: Centeio
română: Secara
русский: Рожь
slovenščina: Rž
svenska: Råg
Türkçe: Çavdar
українська: Жито
walon: Swele
中文(简体): 黑麦
中文(繁體): 黑麥
Bân-lâm-gú: Thǹg-theh-be̍h
Wikimedia Commons См. также медиафайлы в категории Secale cereale на Викискладе. (ru)