Caroxylon littorale

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Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Salsoloideae
Tribus: Caroxyleae
Genus: Caroxylon
Species: Caroxylon littorale



Caroxylon littorale (Moq.) Akhani & Roalson, Int. J. Pl. Sci. 168(6): 947. (2007) (as "littoralis”; Art. 23.5 ICN)


  • Basionym
    • Salsola littoralis Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 180. (1849)
      • Lectotype (designated by Mucina 2017: 165): Madagascar: in arenosis maritimis ad oram austro-orientalem Madagascariae (Côte NO, baie de St Augustin), 1839 W. Bojer s.n. Lectotype: P-00487034; Isolectotypes: P-00799069. (The G-DC specimen not found by Mucina)
  • Homotypic
    • Sarcomorphis littoralis Bojer, in schedis (G-DC).
    • Sarcomorphis littoralis Bojer ex Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 180. (1849), nom. inval., as syn.
  • Heterotypic (ref. Mucina 2017, Govaerts 2019)
    • Salsola littoralis var. glabra Botsch. in Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 9: 152. (1972)
      • Type: Madagascar, plant with creeping and branching stems, growing together with Arthrocnemum on sand in the saline zone, surroundings of Morondera [Morondava], September 1956, J. Bosser 9844. Holotype: P P04168476.


Native distribution areas:
  • Africa
    • South Tropical Africa
      • Mozambique, Inhambane Province
    • Western Indian Ocean
      • Madagascar: southeastern coast. Mozambique Channel Islands: Europa isl.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



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