Rauvolfia serpentina

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Rauvolfia serpentina

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Rauvolfioideae
Tribus: Vinceae
Subtribus: Rauvolfiinae
Genus: Rauvolfia
Species: Rauvolfia serpentina

Name[edit]

Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz, 1877

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Ophioxylon serpentinum L., Sp. Pl.: 1043 (1753).
  • Heterotypic
    • Ophioxylon album Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 129 (1790).
    • Ophioxylon trifoliatum Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 123 (1790).
    • Ophioxylon salutiferum Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 146 (1796).
    • Ophioxylon obversum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 405 (1857).
    • Rauvolfia obversa (Miq.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 10: 171 (1888).
    • Rauvolfia trifoliata (Gaertn.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 13: 171 (1895).
    • Rauvolfia serpentina var. obversa (Miq.) Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 386 (1950).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asie
      • ava, India (throughout tropical India), Sri Lanka, Thailand, Southern Marianas (I) (Guam (I)), Andaman Isl. (Middle Andaman Isl., South Andaman Isl.), Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Chin, Kayin, Mandalay, Mon, Yangon), Bhutan, Darjeeling, Nepal, Jammu & Kashmir (Jammu), Assam, Bangladesh, Laos, Burma, Vietnam, Java, Lesser Sunda Isl., Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

বাংলা: সর্পগন্ধা
English: Snakeroot
suomi: Intiankäärmepuu
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Rauvolfia serpentina on Wikimedia Commons.