Raorchestes tinniens

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Raorchestes tinniens


Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Rhacophoridae
Subfamilia: Rhacophorinae
Genus: Raorchestes
Species: Raorchestes tinniens


Raorchestes tinniens (Jerdon, 1854)

Type locality: "South-East of the Ooty Lake, Udhagamangalam ('Ootacamund', 'Ooty') (11° 24´ N, 76° 42´ E), Nilgiri Hills, Tamil Nadu, India".

Neotype: MNHN 1985.0527.


  • Phyllomedusa ? tinniens Jerdon, 1854
  • Ixalus tinniens — Jerdon, 1870
  • Ixalus punctatus Anderson, 1871
  • Ixalus montanus Günther, 1876
  • Philautus punctatusBoulenger, 1890
  • Philautus melanensis Rao, 1937
  • Philautus (Philautus) tinniensBossuyt & Dubois, 2001
  • Pseudophilautus tinniens — Li, Che, Murphy, Zhao, Zhao, Rao & Zhang, 2009
  • Raorchestes tinniens — Biju, Shouche, Dubois, Dutta & Bossuyt, 2010


  • Jerdon, T.C. 1854 "1853": Catalogue of reptiles inhabiting the Peninsula of India. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 22: 522–534.
  • Bossuyt, F. & A. Dubois. 2001: A review of the frog genus Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Amphibia, Anura, Ranidae, Rhacophorinae). Zeylanica. Colombo, 6: 1–112.
  • Li, J.-t., J. Che, R. W. Murphy, H. Zhao, E.-m. Zhao, D.-q. Rao & Y.-p. Zhang. 2009: New insights to the molecular phylogenetics and generic assessment in the Rhacophoridae (Amphibia: Anura) based on five nuclear and three mitochondrial genes, with comments on the evolution of reproduction. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 53: 509–522.
  • Biju S.D., Shouche Y., Dubois A., Dutta S.K. & Bossuyt F. 2010: A ground-dwelling rhacophorid frog from the highest mountain peak of the Western Ghats of India. Current Science, 98: 1119–1125. Full article
  • AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. 2010. Berkeley, California: Raorchestes tinniens. AmphibiaWeb, available at http://amphibiaweb.org/.
  • 2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species IUCN: Raorchestes tinniens  (Endangered) Downloaded on 11 July 2008.

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Nilgiri Bubble-nest Frog