Podocnemis erythrocephala

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Podocnemis erythrocephala


Taxonavigation: Pelomedusoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Cladus: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Infraordo: Pan-Pleurodira
Subordo: Pleurodira
Superfamilia: Pelomedusoidea

Familia: Podocnemididae
Genus: Podocnemis
Species: Podocnemis erythrocephala


  • Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824)
    • Type locality: "Rio Solimoens" (= Rio Solimoes), South America, most probably Brazil.
    • Holotype: ZSM 2517, 0


  • Emys erythrocephala Spix 1824:9
    • Emys bitentaculata Cuvier in Gray 1830:17
    • Emys enythrocephala Schinz 1833
    • Podocnemis agassizii Coutino in Göldi 1886:277
    • Podocnemis coutinhii Göldi 1886:279 (nomen novum)
    • Podocnemis erythrocephala Frair et al. 1978
    • Podocnemis erythrocephala Gorzula & Señaris 1999
    • Podocnemis erythrocephala TTWG 2014


  • Spix, J.B. and J.G. Wagler. 1824. Herpetology of Brazil. Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 400 pp.
  • Mittermeier, R.A., and R.A. Wilson. 1974. Redescription of Podocnemis erythrocephala (Spix, 1824), and Amazonian pelomedusid turtle. Papeis Avulsos do Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade de São Paulo. 28:147-162.
  • Pritchard, P.C.H., and P. Trebbau. 1984. The Turtles of Venezuela. SSAR Contributions to Herpetology 2: viii + 402 pp.
  • Vogt, R.C., Thomson, S.A., Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., Mittermeier, R.A., & Baggi, N. 2013. Case 3587 Podocnemis unifilis Troschel, 1848 (Reptilia,Testudines): proposed precedence over Emys cayennensis Schweigger, 1812. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 70(1):33-39.
  • Turtle Taxonomy Working Group (Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B. & van Dijk, P.P.). 2017. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (8th Ed.). Chelonian Research Monographs 7: 1–292. ISBN 978-1-5323-5026-9. DOI: 10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017. Paywall. Full article (PDF). Reference page

Vernacular names

čeština: Tereka červenohlavá
English: Red-headed Amazon River turtle
español: Chimpire
日本語: ズアカヨコクビガメ
português: Irapuca