Platanthera bifolia subsp. bifolia

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Platanthera bifolia subsp. bifolia

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Platanthera
Species: Platanthera bifolia
Subspecies: Platanthera bifolia subsp. bifolia

Name[edit]

Platanthera bifolia subsp. bifolia autonym

Synonymy[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Orchis paucifolia Gaterau, Descr. Pl. Montauban: 154 (1789)
    • Orchis bifolia var. major Besser, Prim. Fl. Galiciae Austriac. 1: 43 (1809)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. minor Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 207 (1821 publ. 1822)
    • Orchis bifolia var. brachyglossa Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 486 (1822)
    • Orchis ochroleuca Ten., Fl. Neapol. Prodr. App. 5: 45 (1826)
    • Orchis bifolia var. trifolia Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 425 (1829)
    • Platanthera brachyglossa (Wallr.) Rchb., Iconogr. Bot. Pl. Crit. 9: 19 (1831)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. brachyglossa (Wallr.) Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs., Clavis Syn.: XII (1833)
    • Gymnadenia bifolia var. tenuiflora G.Mey., Chloris Han.: 540 (1836)
    • Habenaria fornicata Bab., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 463 (1836)
    • Orchis bifolia var. latissima Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 436 (1836)
    • Orchis bifolia var. trifoliata Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 436 (1836)
    • Orchis bifolia var. virens Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 436 (1836)
    • Conopsidium platantherum Wallr., Linnaea 14: 147 (1840)
    • Platanthera solstitialis Boenn. ex Drejer, Kroeyers, Nat. Tidsskr. 4: 46 (1842)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. densiflora Drejer, Kroeyers, Nat. Tidsskr. 4: 46 (1842)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. latiflora Drejer, Kroeyers, Nat. Tidsskr. 4: 46 (1842)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. patula Drejer, Kroeyers, Nat. Tidsskr. 4: 46 (1842)
    • Platanthera wankelii Rchb., Fl. Saxon.: 89 (1842)
    • Platanthera bifolia subsp. brachyglossa (Wallr.) Ces. in C.Cattaneo Not. Nat. Civ. Lombardia: 315 (1844)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. conferta Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 443 (1846)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. laxa Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 443 (1846)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. quadrifolia Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 442 (1846)
    • Platanthera pervia Peterm., Anal. Pfl.-Schlüss.: 591 (1846)
    • Platanthera satyrioides Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 131 (1851)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. laxiflora Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 121 (1851), nom. superfl.
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. pervia (Peterm.) Rchb.f. in H.G.L.Reichenbach, Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 13-14: 121 (1851)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. solstitialis (Boenn. ex Drejer) Karsch, Fl. Westfalen: 553 (1853)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. aceras Goldb. ex Kauffm., Mosk. Fl.: 473 (1866)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. obtusifolia Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 646 (1866)
    • Platanthera schuriana Fuss, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 19: 206 (1868)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. densiflora (Drejer) Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 724 (1869)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. laxiflora Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 724 (1869), nom. superfl.
    • Platanthera bifolia var. patula (Drejer) Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 724 (1869)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. pervia (Peterm.) Ducommun, Taschenb. Schweiz. Bot.: 724 (1869)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. latissima (Tinant) Thielens, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 12: 99 (1873)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. trifoliata (Tinant) Thielens, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 12: 99 (1873)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. virens (Tinant) Thielens, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 12: 99 (1873)
    • Platanthera boenninghauseniana F.H.Wilms, Jahres-Ber. Bot. Sec. Westfäl. Prov.-Vereins Wiss. Kunst 1879: 153 (1879), not validly publ.
    • Platanthera reichenbachiana F.H.Wilms, Jahres-Ber. Bot. Sec. Westfäl. Prov.-Vereins Wiss. Kunst 1879: 153 (1879)
    • Platanthera chlorantha var. wankelii (Rchb.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 695 (1882)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. brachyglossa (Wallr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 696 (1882)
    • Platanthera carducciana Goiran, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 332 (1883)
    • Platanthera subalpina Brügger, Jahresber. Naturf. Ges. Graubündens, n.s., 29: 120 (1884-1885 publ. 1886)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. nudicaulis Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 211 (1890)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. latiflora (Drejer) E.G.Camus, J. Bot. (Morot) 6: 473 (1892)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. ecalcarata Heinr., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 165 (1894)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. robusta Seemen, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 44: 448 (1894)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. trifoliata (Tinant) M.Schulze, Orch. Deutschl.: 49 (1894)
    • Platanthera solstitialis var. robusta (Seemen) M.Schulze, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 10: 85 (1897)
    • Platanthera viricimaculata Kraenzl., Orchid. Gen. Sp. 1: 618 (1899)
    • Platanthera montana var. lancifolia Rohlena, Magyar Bot. Lapok 3: 321 (1904 publ. 1905)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. bracteata Cortesi, Ann. Bot. (Rome) 2: 477 (1904)
    • Orchis platanthera (Wallr.) E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 4: 53 (1905)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. carducciana (Goiran) Hallier & Wohlf. in W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Deut. Schweiz. Fl., ed. 3: 2443 (1905)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. angustifolia Potonié in H.Zapalowicz, Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 2: 220 (1906)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. humilior Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 2: 220 (1906)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. major Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 2: 220 (1906)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. microglossa Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 221 (1906)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. boenninghauseniana Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 832 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. laxiflora Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 831 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia proles patula (Drejer) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 832 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. reichenbachiana (F.H.Wilms) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 832 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia proles robusta (Seemen) Asch & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 833 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia lusus trifoliata (Tinant) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 832 (1907)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. densiflora (Drejer) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 373 (1909)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. pervia (Peterm.) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 373 (1909)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. trifoliata (Tinant) Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur. 2: 372 (1909)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. tenuiflora (G.Mey.) Thell. in H.Schinz & R.Keller, Fl. Schweiz, ed. 3: 74 (1914)
    • Platanthera lancifolia (Rohlena) A.W.Hill, Index Kew., Suppl. 6: 159 (1926)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. simonkaiana Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34 (1927)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. brachyglossa (Wallr.) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 101 (1928)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. grandiflora Hartm. ex Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 101 (1928)
    • Platanthera bifolia lusus quadrifolia (Peterm.) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 103 (1928)
    • Platanthera bifolia lusus trifolia (Gaudin) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 102 (1928)
    • Platanthera chlorantha f. lancifolia (Rohlena) Soó, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 23: 103 (1928)
    • Platanthera major (Besser) Linding., Gartenflora 77: 69 (1928)
    • Platanthera bifolia lusus reichenbachiana (F.H.Wilms) Seeland, Mitt. Herm. Roemer-Mus. Hildesheim 34: 69 (1929)
    • Platanthera bifolia lusus boenninghauseniana (Asch. & Graebn.) Suess. in G.Hegi, Ill. Fl. Mitt.-Eur., ed. 2, 2: 495 (1939)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. apetiolata Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. brachyphylla Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. brevicalcarata Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. densispicata Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. multifoliolata Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. rotundata Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. spathulata Vuyck ex Verm., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 56: 240 (1949)
    • Platanthera bifolia f. brevicalcarata (Verm.) Verm. in S.J.van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(5): 44 (1958)
    • Platanthera bifolia monstr. ecalcarata (Heinr.) Verm. in S.J.van Ooststroom & al., Fl. Neerl. 1(5): 44 (1958)
    • Platanthera bifolia subsp. graciliflora Bisse, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 67: 189 (1963)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. graciliflora (Bisse) Soó, Feddes Repert. 83: 189 (1972)
    • Platanthera bifolia subsp. latiflora (Drejer) Løjtnant, Feddes Repert. 89: 14 (1978)
    • Platanthera kuenkelei H.Baumann, Mitt. Arbeitskreis Heimische Orchid. Baden-Württemberg 13: 120 (1981)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. kuenkelei (H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 81: 398 (2000)
    • Platanthera bifolia subsp. atropatanica B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orch. 35: 184 (2003)
    • Platanthera bifolia var. atropatanica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 85: 252 (2004)
    • Platanthera bifolia subsp. kuenkelei (H.Baumann) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 133 (2004)
    • Platanthera fornicata (Bab.) Buttler, Jahresber. Wetterauischen Ges. Gesamte Naturk. 159-161: 100 (2011)
    • Platanthera fornicata var. atropatanica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) Buttler, Jahresber. Wetterauischen Ges. Gesamte Naturk. 159-161: 101 (2011)
    • Platanthera kuenkelei subsp. atropatanica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) R.Lorenz, Akhalk., H.Baumann, Cortis, Cogoni & Scrugli, J. Eur. Orch. 44: 20 (2012)
    • Platanthera kuenkelei var. sardoa R.Lorenz, Akhalk., H.Baumann, Cortis, Cogoni & Scrugli, J. Eur. Orch. 44: 20 (2012)
    • Platanthera atropatanica (B.Baumann, H.Baumann, R.Lorenz & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 96(Orchid. 28): 20 (2015)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Tunisia.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk Krasnoyarsk, West Siberia.
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • Iran, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.
    • Mongolia
      • Mongolia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]