Pinus sylvestris

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Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris, Nethybridge, Scotland
Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris, Larvik, Norway

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Sectio: P. sect. Pinus
Subsectio: P. subsect. Pinus
Species: Pinus sylvestris
Varietates: P. s. var. elicinii – P. s. var. hamata – P. s. var. mongholica – P. s. var. sylvestris

Name[edit]

Pinus sylvestris L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1000 (1753).

  • Protologue locality: "Habitat in Europae borealis sylvis glareosis"
  • Lectotypus: Illustration, Daléchamps, Hist. General. Pl. 45, icon. (1586), designated by Farjon & Jarvis, Regnum Veg. 127: 76 (1993)

Synonyms[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark (possibly extinct in wild; reintroduced), Finland, Great Britain, Iceland (introduced), Ireland (endangered), Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands (extinct in wild; reintroduced), Poland, Switzerland.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal (introduced), Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe (introduced), Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Siberia
      • Altay, Buryatiya, Chita, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Tuva, West Siberia, Yakutiya.
    • Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk.
    • Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • Turkey.
    • China
      • Inner Mongolia, Manchuria.
    • Mongolia
      • Mongolia.
    • Eastern Asia (introduced)
      • Korea.
  • Northern America (introduced)
    • North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois.
    • Northeastern U.S.A.
      • New York, Vermont.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

aragonés: Pin royo
العربية: صنوبر بري
asturianu: Pinu montés
azərbaycanca: Adi şam
žemaitėška: Pošės
башҡортса: Ҡарағай
беларуская (тарашкевіца): Хвоя звычайная
беларуская: Хвоя звычайная
български: Бял бор
bosanski: Bijeli bor
català: Pi roig
kaszëbsczi: Sosna
čeština: Borovice lesní
Чӑвашла: Хыр
Cymraeg: Pinwydden yr Alban
dansk: Skovfyr
Deutsch: Wald-Kiefer
dolnoserbski: Pěskowa chójca
Ελληνικά: Δασική Πεύκη
English: Scots Pine
Esperanto: Arbara pino
español: Pino silvestre
eesti: Harilik mänd
euskara: Pinu gorri
فارسی: کاج اسکاتلندی
võro: Petäi
suomi: Metsämänty
français: Pin sylvestre
Gaeilge: Péine Albanach
galego: Piñeiro rubio
hrvatski: Obični bor
hornjoserbsce: Pěskowa chójna
magyar: Erdeifenyő
հայերեն: Սոճի սովորական
Ido: Pinastro
íslenska: Skógarfura
italiano: Pino silvestre
日本語: ヨーロッパアカマツ
ქართული: ჩვეულებრივი ფიჭვი
қазақша: Кәдімгі қарағай
перем коми: Миян пожум
한국어: 구주소나무
lietuvių: Paprastoji pušis
latviešu: Parastā priede
македонски: Бел бор
Nederlands: Grove den
norsk nynorsk: Furu
norsk: Furu
polski: Sosna zwyczajna
português: Pinheiro silvestre
rumantsch: Tieu da guaud
română: Pin de pădure
русский: Сосна обыкновенная
Scots: Scots Pine
davvisámegiella: Beahci
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Bijeli bor
slovenčina: Borovica lesná
slovenščina: Rdeči bor
српски / srpski: Бели бор - Beli bor
svenska: Tall
Türkçe: Sarıçam
українська: Сосна звичайна
West-Vlams: Geweune pynboom
walon: Såvadje sapén
吴语: 欧洲赤松
中文: 歐洲赤松
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Pinus sylvestris on Wikimedia Commons.