Pinus brutia

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Pinus brutia subsp. brutia var. brutia tree, Belemedik Nature Park, Pozantı, Adana, Turkey
Pinus brutia subsp. brutia var. brutia strobilus, Argaka, Cyprus
Pinus brutia

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subgenus: P. subg. Pinus
Sectio: P. sect. Pinea
Subsectio: P. subsect. Pinaster
Species: Pinus brutia
Subspecies: P. b. subsp. brutia – P. b. subsp. eldarica

Name[edit]

Pinus brutia Ten., Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): LXXII (1815, "brutius", orth. err.).

Typus[edit]

  • Tenore s.n., sheet T2 (lectotypus: NAP), Aspromonte [ancient Brutium], Reggio Calabria, Italy (naturalised population)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Pinus halepensis var. brutia (Ten.) A.Henry in H.J.Elwes & A.Henry, Trees Great Britain 5: 1100 (1910).
    • Pinus halepensis subsp. brutia (Ten.) Holmboe, Stud. Veg. Cyprus: 29 (1914).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Europe
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Italy (Aspromonte, Reggio Calabria [ancient Brutium], introduced), Bulgaria (extreme SE, rare), Greece (NE), Kriti, Turkey-in-Europe.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Krym.
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus (Azerbaijan)
    • Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.
      • Afghanistan (probably introduced but possibly native)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

  • Earle, C.J. 2021. Pinus brutia in The Gymnosperm Database. Accessed Mar. 1 2021.

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: صنوبر بروتي
català: Pi de Turquia
dansk: Calabrisk Fyr
Deutsch: Kalabrische Kiefer
Ελληνικά: Τραχεία πεύκη
English: Turkish Pine
Esperanto: Malgrandazia pino
español: Pino de Chipre
فارسی: کاج ایتالیایی
suomi: Turkinmänty
français: Pin de Calabre
עברית: אורן קפריסאי
magyar: Kalábriaifenyő
հայերեն: Սոճի էլդարյան
italiano: Pino calabro
ქართული: ელდარის ფიჭვი
перем коми: Тюркияись пожум
македонски: Брутски бор
монгол: Туркийн нарс
Nederlands: Turkse den
norsk: Kalabrisk furu
polski: Sosna kalabryjska
پنجابی: بروٹی چیڑ
русский: Сосна калабрийская
Türkçe: Kızılçam, Türk kızılçamı
удмурт: Турциысь пужым
中文: 土耳其松
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Pinus brutia on Wikimedia Commons.