Picea orientalis

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Picea orientalis, Rize-Ayder, Turkey
Picea orientalis, Bakuriani, Georgia

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Division: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: Picea orientalis

Name[edit]

Picea orientalis (L.) Peterm., Das Pflanzenreich: 235, 1844.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Pinus orientalis L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1421 1763.
  • Homotypic
    • Abies orientalis (L.) Poir., in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 6: 518 1804.
  • Heterotypic
    • Picea withmanniana Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif.: 260 1855.
    • Picea orientalis var. aurea Ed.Otto, Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 29: 202 1873.
    • Picea wittmanniana Fisch. ex Gordon, Pinetum, ed. 2: 15 1875.
    • Picea orientalis var. nana Carrière, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 63: 120 1891.
    • Abies wittmanniana Voss, Vilm., Blumengärtn. ed. 3, 1: 1241 1895.
    • Picea orientalis f. aurea (Otto) Beissn., Handb. Conif.: 39 1897.
    • Picea orientalis f. aureospicata Beissn., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 15: 98 (1906 publ. 1907).
    • Picea orientalis f. atrovirens Schelle, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 42 1920.
    • Picea orientalis f. nutans Schelle, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 29: 42 1920.
    • Picea orientalis f. nana (Carrière) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees: 24 1949.

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: تنوب شرقي
azərbaycanca: Şərq küknarı
български: Кавказки смърч
dansk: Orientalsk gran
Deutsch: Kaukasus-Fichte
English: Caucasian Spruce
español: Pícea de Asia Menor
eesti: Idakuusk
فارسی: نوئل شرقی
suomi: Idänkuusi
français: Épicéa d'Orient
հայերեն: Եղևնի արևելյան
íslenska: Kákasusgreni
Перем Коми: Кавказісь кӧз
lietuvių: Rytinė eglė
Nederlands: Kaukasische spar
norsk: Orientgran
polski: Świerk kaukaski
русский: Ель восточная
српски / srpski: Кавкаска смрча
svenska: Orientgran
Türkçe: Doğu ladini
удмурт: Кавказысь кыз
українська: Ялина східна

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus; Kabardino-Balkariya, Karacheyevo-Cherkessiya, Severo-Osetiya
      • Transcaucasus; Armenia, Gruziya
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Turkey

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

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