Picea mariana

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Picea mariana, Ouimet Canyon, Ontario, Canada.
Picea mariana

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Pinales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pinophyta
Classis: Pinopsida
Ordo: Pinales

Familia: Pinaceae
Genus: Picea
Species: Picea mariana

Name[edit]

Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., Prelim. Cat.: 71 (1888).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Abies mariana Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 5 (1768).
    • Pinus canadensis var. nigricans Weston, Bot. Univ. 1: 211 (1770).
    • Pinus mariana (Mill.) Münchh., Hausvater 5(1): 224 (1770).
    • Pinus nigra Aiton, Hort. Kew. 3: 370 (1789), nom. illeg.
    • Pinus canadensis var. nigra Castigl., Viagg. Stati Uniti 2: 315 (1790).
    • Abies nigra (Castigl.) Du Roi, Harbk. Baumz., ed. 2, 2: 182 (1800).
    • Abies denticulata Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 2: 206 (1803).
    • Peuce rubra Rich., Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 16: 298 (1810).
    • Pinus denticulata (Michx.) Muhl., Cat. Pl. Amer. Sept.: 89 (1813).
    • Abies nigra var. nana Jacques, Ann. Fl. Pomone 5: 328 (1836), nom. nud.
    • Picea nigra (Castigl.) Link, Handbuch 2: 478 (1841).
    • Pinus marylandica Antoine, Coniferen: 88 (1841), not validly publ.
    • Picea nigra var. doumetii Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif.: 242 (1855).
    • Picea nigra var. fastigiata Carrière, Traité Gén. Conif.: 242 (1855).
    • Abies nigra var. pumila Knight ex Gordon & Glend., Pinetum: 8 (1858).
    • Picea nigra var. nana Beissn. in H.Jaeger & L.Beissner, Ziergehölze Gärt. Parkanl., ed. 2: 441 (1884).
    • Picea brevifolia Peck, Spruces Adirondacks: 13 (1897).
    • Picea brevifolia var. semiprostrata Peck, Spruces Adirondacks: 13 (1897).
    • Picea nigra var. semiprostrata (Peck) Brainerd, L.R.Jones & Eggl., Rep. (Annual) Vermont Agric. Exp. Sta. 1900: 6 (1900).
    • Picea nigra var. brevifolia (Peck) Rehder in L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1334 (1901).
    • Picea nigra var. virgata Rehder in L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1334 (1901).
    • Picea nigra pendula Schwer., Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 12: 94 (1903).
    • Picea mariana var. brevifolia (Peck) Rehder, Rhodora 9: 109 (1907).
    • Picea mariana f. semiprostrata (Peck) S.F.Blake, Rhodora 15: 200 (1913).
    • Picea ericoides Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Isles 2: 160 (1914).
    • Picea mariana f. nana (Beissn.) Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 214 (1915 publ. 1915).
    • Picea mariana f. fastigiata (Carrière) Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 213 (1915 publ. 1916).
    • Picea mariana var. beissneri Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 213 (1915).
    • Picea mariana f. fastigiata Rehder, Mitt. Deutsch. Dendrol. Ges. 24: 213 (1915).
    • Picea mariana var. fastigiata (Rehder) Rehder in L.H.Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 5: 2619 (1916).
    • Picea mariana f. ericoides (Bean) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 1: 193 (1920).
    • Picea nigra var. pendula-variegata Hornibr., Dwarf Conifers: 124 (1923).
    • Picea mariana f. grisea Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 10: 16 (1927).
    • Picea mariana f. squamea Vict., Contr. Lab. Bot. Univ. Montréal 10: 17 (1927).
    • Picea mariana var. pendula (Schwer.) Fitschen in L.Beissner, Handb. Nadelholzk., ed. 3: 249 (1930).
    • Picea mariana var. pendula-variegata (Hornibr.) Fitschen in L.Beissner, Handb. Nadelholzk., ed. 3: 251 (1930).
    • Picea mariana f. doumetii (Carrière) O.L.Lipa, Dendrofl. URSR 1: 82 (1939).
    • Picea mariana f. empetroides Vict. & J.Rousseau, Contr. Inst. Bot. Univ. Montréal 36: 12 (1940).
    • Picea mariana f. beissneri (Rehder) Rehder, Bibl. Cult. Trees: 25 (1949).
    • Picea mariana var. semiprostrata (Peck) Teeri, Rhodora 71: 1 (1969).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
Picea mariana
  • Northern America
    • Subarctic America
      • Alaska, Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon.
    • Western Canada
      • Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan.
    • Eastern Canada
      • Labrador, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward I., Québec.
    • North-Central U.S.A
      • Illinois, Minnesota, Wisconsin.
    • Northeastern U.S.A
      • Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

dansk: Sort-Gran
Deutsch: Schwarz-Fichte
English: Black Spruce
eesti: Must kuusk
suomi: Mustakuusi
français: Épinette noire
norsk: Svartgran
polski: Świerk czarny
svenska: Svartgran
Türkçe: Kara ladin
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Picea mariana on Wikimedia Commons.