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Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Vernonioideae
Tribus: Vernonieae
Subtribus: Lychnophorinae
Genus: Paralychnophora
Species: P. atkinsiae – P. bicolor – P. glaziouana – P. patriciana



Paralychnophora MacLeish, Taxon 33(1): 106. (1984)

  • Type species: Non designatus for this circumscription. See Loeuille et al. (2012) for problems with P. bicolor the putative type species.

Note: Generic limits between Eremanthus and Paralychnophora are highly problematic, but the above combinations have no equivalents in Eremanthus s.l. and so must be retained here. Hind (2000) and Loeuille et al. (2012 & 2015) provide good evidence for maintaining this genus as a segregate, but see Robinson (1996) and Hassler (2018) for an alternative view.


  • Replaced synonym
    • Sphaerophora Sch.Bip., Jahresber. Pollichia 20-21: 402. (1863) non Sphaerophora (Hassall) J. Lindley (1846) (Chromista).


  • MacLeish, N. F. Fleming 1984. Taxon; Official News Bulletin of the International Society for Plant Taxonomy 33(1): 106.
  • Hassler, M. 2018. Paralychnophora. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Oct. 15. Reference page
  • Hind, D.J.N. 2000. Two new species of Paralychnophora (Compositae: Vernonieae) from Bahia, Brazil. Kew Bulletin 55(2): 367-379.
  • International Plant Names Index. 2018. Paralychnophora. Published online. Accessed: Oct. 15 2018.
  • Loeuille, B., Semir, J. & Pirani, J.R. 2012. A new species of Paralychnophora (Asteraceae: Vernonieae), and comments on the identity of Paralychnophora bicolor. Brittonia 64(3): 289-295.
  • Loeuille, B., Semir, J., Lohmann, L.G. & Pirani, J.R. 2015. A phylogenetic analysis of Lychnophorinae (Asteraceae: Vernonieae) based on molecular and morphological data. Systematic Botany 40(1): 299-315. DOI: 10.1600/036364415X686585 Reference page
  • Robinson, H. 1996. The Paralychnophora group of Eremanthus (Vernonieae: Asteraceae). Rhodora 98(903): 85-93.