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The 10th plate of Ernst Haeckels's 'Kunsformen der Natur' (1904)


Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Subphylum: Eleutherozoa
Superclassis: Cryptosyringida
Classis: Ophiuroidea
Ordines: Stenurida - Oegophiurida - Ophiurida - Phrynophiurida

Check: Ophiolepididae


  • Brogger, M.I. & O'Hara, T.D. 2015: Revision of some ophiuroid records (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from Argentina. Zootaxa 3972(3): 432–440. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.3972.3.8. Preview (PDF) reference page 
  • De Moura Barboza, C.A.; Borges, M. 2012: A checklist of the extant species of ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from Brazilian waters. Zootaxa 3447: 1–21. Preview reference page 
  • Glück, F.U. et al. 2012: Brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the continental shelf off Angola and Namibia. Zootaxa 3475: 1–20. Preview reference page 
  • Lyman, T. 1878. Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae of the exploring voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, under Prof. Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S. Part 1. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 5(7): 65–168. BHL  reference page 
  • Lyman, T. 1879. Ophiuridae and Astrophytidae of the exploring voyage of H.M.S. "Challenger", under Prof. Sir Wyville Thomson, F.R.S. Part II. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 6(1), #2: 17–84. [BHL]  reference page 
  • Lyman, T. 1880. A structural feature, hitherto unknown among Echinodermata, found in deep-sea ophiurans. Anniversary memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History 1-12. BHL  reference page 
  • Lyman, T. 1882. Report on the Ophiuroidea dredged by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. Reports of Science Research Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. Zoology 5(14): 1–386. BHL  reference page 
  • McKnight, D.G. 2000: The marine fauna of New Zealand: basket-stars and snake-stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea: Euryalinida). NIWA biodiversity memoir, ( 115 ).
  • Stöhr, S.; Çinar, M.E.; Dagli, E. 2010: Brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) from the southern coast of Turkey (eastern Mediterranean): new records and revision of Amphiodia obtecta Mortensen, 1940. Zootaxa, 2483: 45–57. Preview
  • Thuy, B.; Stöh, S. 2011: Lateral arm plate morphology in brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea): new perspectives for ophiuroid micropalaeontology and classification. Zootaxa, 3013: 1–47. Preview [erratum in Zootaxa, 3230: 68. (2012) Preview PDF]
  • Stöhr, S. 2011: New records and new species of Ophiuroidea (Echinodermata) from Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia. Zootaxa, 3089: 1–50. Preview PDF
  • Stöhr, S.; O'Hara, T.D.; Thuy, B. 2012: Global diversity of brittle stars (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea). PLoS ONE, 7(3): e31940. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0031940 reference page 

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

Bahasa Indonesia: Bintang ular
беларуская: Афіуры
Deutsch: Schlangensterne
Ελληνικά: Οφιουροειδή
English: Brittle star
日本語: クモヒトデ
русский: Офиуры
suomi: Käärmetähdet
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ophiuroidea on Wikimedia Commons.