Ophioglossum reticulatum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Ophioglossales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Pteridophyta
Classis: Psilotopsida
Ordo: Ophioglossales

Familia: Ophioglossaceae
Genus: Ophioglossum
Species: Ophioglossum reticulatum

Name[edit]

Ophioglossum reticulatum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1063. 1753.

  • Protologue locality: "Habitat in America meridionali."
  • Lectotype (designated by Tardieu-Blot in Aubreville, Fl. Gabon 8: 30. 1964): [icon] "Ophioglosssum cordatum et reticulatum" in Plumier, Traité Foug. Amer.: 141, t. 164. 1705.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Ophioglossum vulgatum var. reticulatum (L.) D.C.Eaton, Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts 8: 218. 1861.
  • Heterotypic
    • Ophioglossum cordifolium Roxb., Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 4: 475. 1844.
    • Ophioglossum cumingianum C.Presl, Suppl. 52. 1845.
    • Ophioglossum holm-nielsenii B.Øllg., Fl. Ecuador 66: 16 (2000.
    • Ophioglossum moluccanum f. dilatatum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 92. 1868.
    • Ophioglossum obovatum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 93. 1868.
    • Ophioglossum ovatum Bory, Voy. 2: 205. 1804.
    • Ophioglossum pedunculatum (Desv.) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 40: 373. 1926.
    • Ophioglossum peruvianum C.Presl, Suppl. 52. 1845.
    • Ophioglossum raciborskii Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 28: 35. 1918.
    • Ophioglossum ramosii Copel., Phil. Journ. Sci. 66: 97, t. 1 (1–2). 1935.
    • Ophioglossum reticulatum var. acutius Christ, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79: 56. 1908.
    • Ophioglossum reticulatum var. polyangium Christ, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 79: 56. 1908.
    • Ophioglossum timorense Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 4: 93. 1868.
    • Ophioglossum usterianum Christ in Usteri, Fl. Sao Paulo 137. 1911.
    • Ophioglossum vulgatum f. dilatatum (Miq.) Wieff., Blumea 12: 329, f. 1c. 1964.

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Cape Verde (Brava, Santiago, Santo Antão, São Nicolau), Madeira (Madeira)
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Burkina, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands (Annobón, Bioko, São Tomé), Rwanda, Zaïre
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Chad, Ethiopia, Socotra, Sudan
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania (plus Zanzibar, Pemba), Uganda
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape), Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces (Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Northern Province)
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Rodrigues
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Yemen (North Yemen)
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Guizhou, Hubei, Sichuan, Yunnan), China North-Central (Gansu, Shaanxi, China Southeast (Fujian, Henan, Jiangxi), Tibet
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea (South Korea), Nansei-shoto.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam (Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura), Bangladesh, East Himalaya (Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan, Sikkim), India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh, Jammu-Kashmir, Uttaranchal).
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali, Timor, Flores), Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore), Maluku, Philippines (plus Palawan), Sulawesi, Sumatera.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Missouri, Oklahoma (all introduced).
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas (introduced).
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia (all introduced).
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central (México State), Mexico Gulf (Veracruz), Mexico Northeast (Durango, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas), Mexico Northwest (Sinaloa), Mexico Southeast (Chiapas), Mexico Southwest (Colima, Jalisco, Nayarit, Oaxaca), Mexican Pacific Islands (Revillagigedo Islands).
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Costa Rica, El Salvador (doubtful), Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands (Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Netherlands Leeward Islands, Virgin Islands), Puerto Rico, Southwest Caribbean (Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands (Dominica, Grenada, Martinique).
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana (doubtful), Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela (Aragua, Barinas, Carabobo, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo).
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia (Beni, Santa Cruz), Colombia (Antioquia, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Santander, Tolima, Valle), Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil Northeast (Paraíba), Brazil South (Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina), Brazil Southeast (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), Brazil West-Central (Goiás).
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast (Buenos Aires, Chaco, Corrientes, Formosa), Argentina Northwest (Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán), Paraguay (Cordillera).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

中文: 心脏叶瓶尔小草