Nothofagus

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Nuvola apps important.svg The status, affinity, scope or nomenclature of this taxon is disputed.

Please see discussion on the talk page.

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Nothofagaceae
Genus: Nothofagus
Subgenera: N. subg. Brassospora – N. subg. Fuscospora – N. subg. Lophozonia – N. subg. Nothofagus
Segregated Genera (3 sensu Heenan & Smissen, 2013): Fuscospora – Lophozonia – Trisyngyne

Overview of species[edit]

N. aequilateralis – N. alessandrii – N. alpina – N. antarctica – N. balansae – N. baumanniae – N. bernhardii – N. betuloides – N. brassii – N. carrii – N. cliffortioides – N. codonandra – N. crenata – N. cunninghamii – N. discoidea – N. dombeyi – N. flaviramea – N. fusca – N. glauca – N. grandis – N. gunnii – N. macrocarpa – N. menziesii – N. moorei – N. nitida – N. nuda – N. obliqua – N. perryi – N. pseudoresinosa – N. pullei – N. pumilio – N. recurva – N. resinosa – N. rubra – N. rutila – N. solandri – N. starkenborghium – N. stylosa – N. truncata – N. womersleyi
Nothospecies: N. × apiculata – N. × blairii – N. × dodecaphleps – N. × eugenananus
Paleospecies: †N. azureus – †N. beardmorensis – †N. bidentatus – †N. cethanica – †N. kiandrensis – †N. lendenfeldi – †N. melanoides – †N. ninnisiana – †N. novaezealandiae – †N. oblonga – †N. oliveri – †N. pachyphylla – †N. palustris – †N. pinnata – †N. plicata – †N. praequercifolia – †N. smithtonensis – †N. ulmifolia ...

Name[edit]

Nothofagus Blume, Mus. Bot. 1(20): 307. (1850) nom. cons.

  • Nothofagus antarctica (G. Forst.) Oerst. Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiana, Math.-Naturvidensk. Kl. 5(9): 354. (1871)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Fagaster Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 11: 142 (1842)
    • Cliffortioides Dryand. ex Hook., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 7: t. 639 (1844)
    • Myrtilloides Banks & Sol. ex Hook., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 7: t. 639 (1844)
    • Calucechinus Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne. in J.S.C.Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Pôle Sud 2: 19 (1853)
    • Calusparassus Hombr. & Jacquinot ex Decne. in J.S.C.Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Pôle Sud 2: 20 (1853)
    • Lophozonia Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 31(1): 396 (1858)
    • Trisyngyne Baill., Adansonia 11: 136 (1874)
    • Parafagus Oliver, (1936)
    • Fuscospora (R.S.Hill & J.Read) Heenan & Smissen, Phytotaxa 146: 12 (2013)

Note: It is only New Zealand botanists that accept the non-mandated segregation of this genus based upon the above well defined subgenera, but see Govaerts et al. (2019) and Hill et al. (2015).

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

  • Blume, C.L. von 1850. Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavum sive stirpium Exoticarum, Novarum vel Minus Cognitarum ex Vivis aut Siccis Brevis Expositio et Descriptio 1(20): 307.
  • International Plant Names Index. 2019. Nothofagus. Published online. Accessed Feb. 6 2019.

Additional references[edit]

  • Hill, R.S. 1984: Tertiary Nothofagus macrofossils from Cethana, Tasmania. Alcheringa, 8: 81–86. ISSN: 1752-0754 (electronic) 0311-5518 (paper) doi: 10.1080/03115518408619610
  • Hill, R.S. 1994: Nothofagus smithtonensis (Nothofagaceae), a new macrofossil species from Oligocene sediments in northwest Tasmania, Australia, and its phylogenetic significance. Review of palaeobotany and palynology, 80: 115–121. doi: 10.1016/0034-6667(94)90096-5
  • Hill, R.S. 2001: Nothofagus Cupules from Oligocene-Early Miocene Sediments at Balfour, Northwest Tasmania, Australia. International journal of plant sciences, 162: 683–690. JSTOR
  • Hill, R.S.; Harwood, D.M.; Webb, P.-N. 1996: Nothofagus beardmorensis (Nothofagaceae), a new species based on leaves from the Pliocene Sirius Group, Transantarctic Mountains, Antarctica. Review of palaeobotany and palynology, 94: 11–24. doi: 10.1016/S0034-6667(96)00003-6
  • Holden, A.M. 1982: Fossil Nothofagus from the Longford Formation, Murchison, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 12: 65–77. Google books
  • Johnston, P.R. 1999: Tar-spot fungi on Nothofagus in New Zealand - a preliminary report. New Zealand journal of botany, 37: 703–714. doi: 10.1080/0028825X.1999.9512664
  • Jordan, G.J. 1999: A new Early Pleistocene species of Nothofagus and the climatic implications of co-occurring Nothofagus fossils. Australian systematic botany, 12: 757–765. doi: 10.1071/SB98025
  • Jordan, G.J.; Hill, R.S. 1999: The Phylogenetic Affinities of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) Leaf Fossils Based on Combined Molecular and Morphological Data. International journal of plant sciences, 160: 1177–1188. JSTOR
  • Leathwick, J.R. 1998: Are New Zealand's Nothofagus species in equilibrium with their environment? Journal of vegetation science, 9: 719–732. JSTOR
  • Leschen, R.A.B.; Buckley, T.R.; Harman, H.; Shulmeister, J. 2008: Determining the origin and age of the Westland Beech (Nothofagus) Gap, New Zealand, using fungus beetle genetics. Molecular ecology, 17: 1256–1276. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03630.x
  • Knapp, M. et al. 2005: Relaxed molecular clock provides evidence for long-distance dispersal of Nothofagus (southern beech). PLoS Biol, 3(1): e14. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.0030014 reference page 
  • Manos, P.S. 1997. Systematics of Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) based on rDNA spacer sequences (ITS): taxonomic congruence with morphology and plastid sequences. American Journal of Botany 84(8): 1137–1155. Abstract and full article (PDF) JSTOR reference page 
  • Paull, R.; Hill, R.S. 2003: Nothofagus kiandrensis (Nothofagaceae subgenus Brassospora), a new macrofossil leaf species from Miocene sediments at Kiandra, New South Wales. Australian systematic botany, 16: 549–559. doi: 10.1071/SB02033
  • Pole, M. 1993: Nothofagus from the Dunedin Volcanic Group (Mid — Late Miocene), New Zealand. Alcheringa, 17 (1): 77–90. doi: 10.1080/03115519308619489
  • Scriven, L.J.; Hill, R.S. 1996: Relationships among Tasmanian Tertiary Nothofagus (Nothofagaceae) populations. Botanical journal of the Linnean Society, 121: 345–364. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.1996.tb00761.x
  • Scriven, L.J.; McLoughlin, S.; Hill, R.S. 1995: Nothofagus plicata (Nothofagaceae), a new deciduous Eocene macrofossil species, from southern continental Australia. Review of palaeobotany and palynology, 86: 199–209. doi: 10.1016/0034-6667(94)00145-A
  • Trewick, S.A.; Wallis, G.P. 2001: BRIDGING THE "BEECH-GAP": NEW ZEALAND INVERTEBRATE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY IMPLICATES PLEISTOCENE GLACIATION AND PLIOCENE ISOLATION. Evolution, 55: 2170–2180. doi: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00733.x

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Southern Beech
Esperanto: Notofago
македонски: Јужни буки
日本語: ナンキョクブナ属
русский: Нотофагус
suomi: Etelänpyökit
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