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Nephroia carolina


Taxonavigation: Ranunculales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Menispermaceae
Subfamilia: Menispermoideae
Tribus: Pachygoneae
Genus: Nephroia
Species: N. carolina – N. diversifolia – N. orbiculata

Source(s) of checklist: 



Nephroia Lour., 1790


  • Heterotypic
    • Androphylax J.C.Wendl. in Bot. Beob.: 38 (1798)
    • Baumgartia Moench in Methodus: 650 (1794)
    • Cocculidium Spach in Hist. Nat. Vég. 8: 16 (1839)
    • Ferrandia Gaudich. in Voy. Uranie: 447 (1829)
    • Wendlandia Willd. in Sp. Pl., ed. 4. 2: 275 (1799), nom. rej.


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-tropical
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Assam, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Hainan, Japan, Jawa, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Philippine, Pitcairn Is., Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tubuai Is., Vietnam
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: USA
      • Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Malaya, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest
    • Introduced into:
      • Illinois, Réunion

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references

  • Loureiro, J. de. 1790. Flora Cochinchinensis: sistens plantas in regno Cochinchina nascentes. Quibus accedunt aliae observatae in Sinensi Imperio, Africa orientali, Indiaeque locis variis. Omnes dispositae secundum systema sexuale linnaeanum. Tomus I. Pp. I–XX, 1–353. Typis, et expensis academicis, Ulyssipone [Lisbon]. BHL Reference page. : 565

Additional references

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. Scientific Data 8: 215. [Cited as Cocculus.]

Vernacular names

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Nephroia on Wikimedia Commons.