Neonauclea purpurea

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Illustration of Neonauclea purpurea as Nauclea purpurea in Roxburgh (1796)


Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Neonauclea
Species: Neonauclea purpurea



Neonauclea purpurea (Roxb.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin.: 483 (1917)

  • Typus: Roxburgh s.n. (not seen by Ridsdale 1978: 340).
  • Type locality: [India.] Coromandel[Andhra Pradesh]: Moist valleys among the Circar mountains.


  • Basionym
    • Nauclea purpurea Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1(3): 41, t. 54 (1796)
  • Homotypic
    • Bancalus purpureus (Roxb.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 277 (1891)
  • Heterotypic
    • Nauclea elliptica Dalzell & A.Gibson, Bombay Fl.: 118 (1861), nom. illeg., non (R.Br. ex G.Don) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 512 (1843) [≡ Uncaria elliptica R.Br. ex G.Don], pro parte; not accepted by Ridsdale (1978: 340), Govaerts (2003) and Ruhsam (2005) [cited as Neonauclea purpurea]
      • Typus: Dalzell s.n.
      • Type locality: [India.] Near Sura, and the village of Hoolun, not far from Chorla Ghaut.



Wight & Arnott, Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1: 392 (1834) cited the pre-Linnaean mention 'Katou Tsjaca' by Rheede in Hortus Malabaricus 3: t. 33 (1682) as Nauclea purpurea Roxb., but it is less likely to be the case since descriptions on their flower colours, forms of stigma, and cross sections of fruits do not agree well (Ridsdale 1976: 185).


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • India (Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Neonauclea purpurea on Wikimedia Commons.