Mitragyna parvifolia

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Mitragyna parvifolia
Illustration of Mitragyna parvifolia (as Nauclea parvifolia) in Roxburgh (1795)


Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Rubiaceae
Subfamilia: Cinchonoideae
Tribus: Naucleeae
Genus: Mitragyna
Species: Mitragyna parvifolia
Varietates: M. p. var. microphylla – M. p. var. parvifolia


Mitragyna parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth., Observ. Naucl. Ind.: 19 (1839)

  • Typus: W. Roxburgh s.n. (Herb. Smith 316/2; LINN-HS 316.2.) fide Ridsdale (1978: 63).
  • Type locality: [India. Andhra Pradesh?:] A native of almost every part of the coast, but chiefly among the mountains.


  • Basionym
    • Nauclea parvifolia Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 40, t. 52 (1795)
  • Homotypic
    • Stephegyne parvifolia (Roxb.) Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot.: 161 (1840); not accepted by Ridsdale (1978: 63) [cited as Mitragyna parvifolia]


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam (fide Ridsdale 1978: 64), Bangladesh, India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya (Himachal Pradesh)
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Is., Cambodia, Myanmar, Nicobar Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

  • Roxburgh, W. 1795–1798. Plants of the Coast of Coromandel; selected from drawings and descriptions presented to the hon. court of directors of the East India Company, / by William Roxburgh, M.D. ; Published, by their order, under the direction of Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. P.R.S. ; Vol. I. Fasc. 1: colum. 1–28, lám. 21–25 (V.1795) Fasc. 2: colum. 29–40, lám. 26–50 (XI.1795) Fasc. 3: colum. 41–56, lám. 51–75 (VIII.1796) Fasc. 4: colum. 57–68, lám. 76–100 (I–III.1798) London. Biblioteca Digital Reference page
  • Korthals, P.G. 1839. Observationes de Naucleis indicis. Bonnae: Typis Caroli Georgii. Google Books. Reference page

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

မြန်မာဘာသာ: ထိမ်သေး (Kurz 1877: 66 [as 'Hteing-thay'], Judson, Stevenson & Eveleth 1921: 522)
தமிழ்: நீர்க்கடம்பு
తెలుగు: బట్ట గణపు
ไทย: กระทุ่มใบเล็ก
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Mitragyna parvifolia on Wikimedia Commons.