Melissa officinalis

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Melissa officinalis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Melissa
Species: Melissa officinalis
Subspecies: M. o. subsp. inodora – M. o. subsp. officinalis

Name[edit]

Melissa officinalis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 592 (1753).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Mutelia officinalis (L.) Gren. ex Mutel, Fl. Franç. Herbor., Suppl.: 87 (1838).
    • Faucibarba officinalis (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 402 (1867).
    • Thymus melissa E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 11: 117 (1903), nom. nov.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Ireland, Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Krym, South European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • West Siberia.
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia, Manitoba.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Ontario, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia.
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Argentina Northwest, Chile Central, Juan Fernández Islands, Uruguay.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Меліса лекавая
български: Маточина
bosanski: Matičnjak
čeština: Meduňka lékařská
Deutsch: Zitronen-Melisse
English: Lemon Balm
español: Melisa, Toronjil
euskara: Garraiska
suomi: Sitruunamelissa
italiano: Melissa
日本語: レモンバーム
Nederlands: Citroenmelisse
polski: Melisa lekarska
русский: Мелисса лекарственная
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Matičnjak
slovenčina: Medovka lekárska
српски / srpski: Матичњак, пчелиња трава, пчелињак, лимун трава
Türkçe: Oğul otu, Melisa
ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ: Ifar zizwi
For more multimedia, look at Melissa officinalis on Wikimedia Commons.