Melanelia stygia

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Melanelia
Species: Melanelia stygia

Name[edit]

Melanelia stygia (L.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7 (1): 47 (1978)   [Mycobank #342556]

Basionym[edit]

  • Lichen stygius L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1143 (1753)   [Mycobank #394525]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Squamaria stygia (L.) Hoffm., Descript. Adumbrat. Plant. Lich. 2: 3 (1794)   [Mycobank #405800]
  • Lobaria stygia (L.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. Bot. Taschenb. 2: 154 (1796)   [Mycobank #394927]
  • Parmelia stygia (L.) Ach., Method. Lich.: 201 (1803)   [Mycobank #398315]
  • Imbricaria stygia (L.) DC., Fl. Franç. 6: 189 (1815)   [Mycobank #387081]
  • Cetraria stygia (L.) Schaer., Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 5: 257 (1833)   [Mycobank #382463]
  • Parmelia fahlunensis β.[=var.] stygia (L.) Schaer., Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 10: 467 (1840)
  • Cornicularia stygia (L.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Natur. Cherbourg 2: 15 (1854)   [Mycobank #383737]

Heterotypic synonym[edit]

  • Parmelia stygia var. septentrionalis Lynge, 6: 81 (1938)

References[edit]

  • Acharius, E. (1803)   Methodus qua Omnes Detectos Lichenes, Secundum Organa Carpomorpha ad Genera, Species et Varietates Redigere atque Observationibus Illustrare Tentavit Erik Acharius.: 1 - 394.   [Mattick Rec.# 30921 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (PDF file)
  • De Candolle, A.P. (1815)   Flore Française, ou Descriptions Succintes de Toutes les Plantes qui Croissent Naturellement en France, disposées selon une novelle méthode d'analyse, et précédées par un Exposé des Principes élémentaires de la Botanique., ed.3, 6: 1 - 662.   [Mattick Rec.# 33436 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Website)
  • Hoffmann, G.F. (1794)   Descriptio et Adumbratio plantarum e classe cryptogamica Linnaei, quae Lichenes dicuntur. 2: 1 - 80.   [Mattick Rec.# 33252 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Website)
  • Nylander, W. (1854)   Essai d'une nouvelle classification des Lichens. - Mémoires de la Société des Sciences Naturelles de Cherbourg 2: 5 - 16.   [Mattick Rec.# 28963 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (PDF file)


  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Melanelia (pp. 430-441) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Melanelia stygia and distribution map for North America: p. 439; color photo: p. 439, plate 505)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Melanelia Essl. (pp. 138-142) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Melanelia stygia: p. 141; color photo: plate 15, C)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Melanelia Essl., 1978 (pp. 305-321) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Melanelia stygia: pp. 318-319; color photos: p. 318, fig. 183)
  • Purvis, O.W. and James, P.W. (1992) Parmelia Ach., 1803 (pp. 421-437) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of Melanelia stygia: p. 435 [as Parmelia stygia])
  • Thomson, J.W. (1984) Parmelia Ach. (pp. 295-318). In, American Arctic Lichens: 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York, 504 pages. (Description of Melanelia stygia: pp. 313 & 316; illustration: p. 314; distribution map for the North American Arctic: p. 315 [as Parmelia stygia])
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Melanelia Essl. (pp. 649-656) - Teil 2) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (Description of Melanelia stygia: p. 656 {as Parmelia stygia])

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Melanelia stygia

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Alpine camouflage lichen,   Melanelia lichen,   Alpine brown-shield
日本語: タカネゴケ