Medicago lupulina

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Medicago lupulina
Medicago lupulina

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Medicago
Species: Medicago lupulina

Name[edit]

Medicago lupulina L., 1753

Synonyms[edit]

  • Lupularia parviflora Opiz, Seznam, 61 (1852)
  • Lupulina aurata Noulet, Fl. Bass. Sous-Pyren.: 157 (1837)
  • Medica lupulina (L.) Lam., Fl. Francisc. 101 (1894), comb. superfl.
  • Medica lupulina (L.) Scop., Fl. Carn. ed. II. 2: 88 (1772)
  • Medicago apennina J.Woods, Tourist´s Flora: 84 (1850)
  • Medicago breviflora Gilib., Fl. Lituan. 2: 95 (1782)
  • Medicago canescens Menyh., Kal. Vid. Noven.: 61 (1877)
  • Medicago ciliaris Lucé
  • Medicago corymbifera W.L.E.Schmidt ex Schltdl., Linnaea, 4: (1829) 74
  • Medicago cupaniana Guss., Fl. Sicul. Syn. 2: 362 (1844)
  • Medicago eriocarpa Rouy, Fl. France [Rouy & Foucaud] 5: 25 (1899)
  • Medicago lupulina f. corymbosa (Ser.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
  • Medicago lupulina f. leiocarpa Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
  • Medicago lupulina f. polystachya (Ser.) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb.,: 52 (1873)
  • Medicago lupulina f. stipularis (Wallroth) Urb., Verh. Bot. Ver. Brandenb., 15: 52 (1873)
  • Medicago lupulina f. subglabra Pau, Apuntes Fl. Olmedo: 78 (1908)
  • Medicago lupulina subsp. cupaniana (Guss.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 170 (1878)
  • Medicago lupulina subsp. eurasiatica Braun-Blanq., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 77: 288 (1930) (nom. inval.)
  • Medicago lupulina subsp. jalasii Rothm., Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., 67: 5 (1963)
  • Medicago lupulina var. axilis Merino, Fl. Galicia, 1: 377 (1905)
  • Medicago lupulina var. canescens Moris, Fl. Sard. 1: 436 (1837)
  • Medicago lupulina var. cinerea Alleiz., Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 12: 64 (1921)
  • Medicago lupulina var. corymbosa Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
  • Medicago lupulina var. cupaniana (Guss.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 105 (1872)
  • Medicago lupulina var. dzumgalensis Ubuk., Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
  • Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy & Foucaud) Maire, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 29: 413 (1938)
  • Medicago lupulina var. eriocarpa (Rouy) P.D.Sell, Fl. Gr. Brit. Ireland (2009), isonym
  • Medicago lupulina var. glandulosa Neilr., Fl. N.-Oesterr.: 934 (1893)
  • Medicago lupulina var. perennans Halácsy, Consp. Fl. Graec., 1: 362 (1901)
  • Medicago lupulina var. polystachya Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
  • Medicago lupulina var. stipularis (Wallroth) Hallier et al., Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 3: 534 (1891)
  • Medicago lupulina var. unguiculata Ser., DC., Prodr., 2: 172 (1825)
  • Medicago lupulina var. vassilczenkoi Ubuk., Fl. Kirgizkoi SSR, 7: 156 (1957)
  • Medicago lupulina var. vulgaris Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 161 (1935)
  • Medicago mniocarpa Wallr. ex Ser., DC. Prod. 2: 172 (1825)
  • Medicago reniformis Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 278 (1867)
  • Medicago revoilii H.J.Coste & Soulié
  • Medicago stipularis Wallr., Beitr. Fl. Hercyn. 260 (1840)
  • Medicago willdenowii Mérat, Nouv. Fl. Env. Paris: 296 (1812) non Boenn (1834)
  • Medicula lupulina (L.) Medik., Vorles. Churpf. Phys. Ges. 2: 386 (1787)
  • Medicula lupulina subsp. jalasii (Rothm.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 205 (1983)
  • Medicula lupulina subsp. willdenowiana (Koch) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax., 18(2): 205 (1983)
  • Melilotus lupulinus (L.) Trautv., Bull. Sci. Acad. Petersb. 8: 271 (1841) non Lam (1779)
  • Melilotus medicaginoides Zumagl.
  • Trifolium lupulina (L.) Savi, Fl. Pis., 2: 171 (1798)
  • Trigonella mniocarpa Wallr. ex DC., Prod. 2: 172 (1825)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Albania, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Netherlands, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Madeira, Azores, Canary Is.
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, North Caucasus, Palestine, Sinai, Transcaucasus, Turkey
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya
    • Regional: China
      • China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia, Yemen
  • Introduced into:
    • Alabama, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil South, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Føroyar, Guatemala, Haiti, Iceland, Illinois, Irkutsk, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Kermadec Is., Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Magadan, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Primorye, Queensland, Réunion, South Australia, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Victoria, West Siberia, Western Australia, Yukon

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: فصة سوداء
Cymraeg: Maglys du
dansk: Humle-Sneglebælg, Humlesneglebælg
Deutsch: Hopfenklee, Gelbklee, Hopfenluzerne, Hopfen-Klee, Hopfen-Luzerne, Hopfen-Schneckenklee
English: black medick, nonesuch, hop clover
español: mielga negra, alfalfa, alfalfa lupulina, carretón, estrebo, lupulina, meligón, mielga, mielga negra, teble, trebolera, trébol, trébol rastrero
eesti: Humallutsern
suomi: Nurmimailanen
français: Luzerne lupuline
galego: Alfalfa lupulina
hornjoserbsce: Niska šlinčina
日本語: コメツブウマゴヤシ
қазақша: Құлмақ жоңышқа
lietuvių: Apyninė liucerna
Nederlands: Hopklaver
polski: Lucerna nerkowata, Lucerna chmielowa
slovenčina: lucerna ďatelinová
svenska: Humlelusern
Türkçe: Kelebek otu
Tiếng Việt: Linh lăng đen
中文: 天蓝苜蓿
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Medicago lupulina on Wikimedia Commons.