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Taxonavigation: Istiophoriformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohors: Neoteleostei
Infracohors: Eurypterygia
Sectio: Ctenosquamata
Subsectio: Acanthomorphata
Divisio/Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Subdivisio: Percomorphaceae
Series: Carangaria
Ordo: Istiophoriformes

Familia: Istiophoridae
Genus: Makaira
Species: M. mazara – M. nigricans


Makaira Lacepède, 1802


  • Lacepède, B.G.E. 1802 (6 Apr.): Histoire naturelle des poissons. v. 4: i-xliv + 1-728, Pl. 1-16.
  • Collette, B.B. , J.R. McDowell, and J.E. Graves 2006: Phylogeny of Recent billfishes (Xiphioidei). Bulletin of Marine Science, 79(3): 455–468.
  • Parin, N.V. 2003: An annotated catalogue of fish-like vertebrates and fishes of the seas of Russia and adjacent countries: Part 3. Orders Perciformes (excluding suborders Gobioidei, Zoarcoidei and Stichaeoidei) and Tetraodontiformes. Voprosy Ikhtiologii, 43 (suppl. 1): S1-S40. [In English.]
  • Makaira – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Marlin, Spearfish
中文(简体): 枪鱼属
中文(繁體): 槍魚屬