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Classification System: APG III

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordines: Acorales - Alismatales - Asparagales - Dioscoreales - Liliales - Pandanales - Petrosaviales
Cladus: Commelinids


monocots [ APG III ]


  • Liliopsida Batsch (1802)
  • Monocotyledonae
  • Monocotyledoneae DC. (1817)
  • Monocotyledones


  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (1998) An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85 (4): 531–553. pdf file
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2003). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 141 (4): 399-436. doi: 10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.t01-1-00158.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105-121. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x [Open access article] reference page 
  • Cantino, Philip D.; Doyle, James A.; Graham, Sean W.; Judd, Walter S.: Olmstead, Richard G.; Soltis, Douglas E.; Soltis, Pamela S.; & Donoghue, Michael J. (2007) "Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta". Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.
  • Chase, M. W.; Stevenson, D. W.; Wilkin, P.; & Rudall, P. J. (1995) Monocot systematics: A combined analysis. pages 685-730 in Rudall, P. J.; Cribb, P. J.; Cutler, D. F.; & Humphries, C. J. (eds.). Monocotyledons: Systematics and evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Garden, Kew).
  • Chase, Mark W. (2004) Monocot relationships: an overview. American Journal of Botany 91 (10): 1645–1655.
  • Chase, M.W., & Reveal, J.L. (2009) A phylogenetic classification of the land plants to accompany APG III. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161: 122-127. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.01002.x reference page 
  • Chase, M. W.; Soltis D. E.; Soltis, P. S.; Rudall, P. J.; Fay, M. F.; Hahn, W. J.; Sullivan, S.; Joseph, J.; Molvray, M.; Kores, P. J.; Givnish, T. J.; Sytsma, K. J.; & Pires, J. C. (2000) Higher-level systematics of the monocotyledons: An assessment of current knowledge and a new classification. pages 3-16 in Wilson, K. L. & Morrison, D. A. (eds.) Monocots: Systematics and Evolution. (CSIRO, Melbourne).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T. & Clifford, H. T. (1982) The Monocotyledons: A Comparative Study. (New York: Academic Press).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T.; Clifford, H. T.; & Yeo, P. F. (1985) The Families of the Monocotyledons. (Berlin: Springer-Verlag).
  • Dahlgren, R. M. T. & Rassmussen, F. (1983) Monocotyledon evolution. Characters and phylolgenetic estimation. Evol. Biol. 16: 255-395.
  • Davis, Jerrold I.; Stevenson, Dennis W.; Petersen, Gitte; Seberg, Ole; Campbell, Lisa M.; Freudenstein, John V.; Goldman, Douglas H.; Hardy, Christopher R.; Michelangeli, Fabian A.; Simmons, Mark P.; Specht, Chelsea D.; Vergara-Silva, Francisco; & Gandolfo, Maria (2004) A Phylogeny of the Monocots, as Inferred from rbcL and atpA Sequence Variation, and a Comparison of Methods for Calculating Jackknife and Bootstrap Values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467–510.
  • Duvall, M.W.; Clegg, M. T.; Chase, M. W.; Clark, W. D.; Kress, W. J.; Hills, H. G.; Eguiarte, L. E.; Smith, J. F.; Gaut, B. S.; Zimmer, E. A.; Learn, G. H., Jr. (1993) Phylogenetic hypotheses for the monocotyledons constructed from rbcL sequence data. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 80: 607-619.
  • Herendeen, P. S. & Crane, P. R. (1995) The fossil history of the monocotyledons. pages 1-21 in Rudall, P.; Cribb, P. J.; Cutler, D. F.; & Humphries, C. J. (eds.) Monocotyledons: Systematics and Evolution. (London: Royal Botanic Gardens Kew).
  • Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards) Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 12, June 2012 [and more or less continuously updated since]. (web site)
  • Trias-Blasi, A., Baker, W.J., Haigh, A.L., Simpson, D.A., Weber, O. & Wilkin, P. (2015) A genus-level phylogenetic linear sequence of monocots. Taxon 64(3): 552-581. doi: 10.12705/643.9. PDF available online from ResearchGate reference page 


  • Liliopsida Report on ITIS (Following Cronquist classification)
  • NCBI link: Liliopsida (Following APG II classification)
  • Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, University of Oxford, Natural History Museum, Natural Environment Research Council, UK (2012) eMonocot Home Page

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Jednoděložné
Deutsch: Einkeimblättrige
eesti: Üheidulehelised
English: Monocots
français: Monocotylédone
hrvatski: Jednosupnice
italiano: Monocotiledoni
עברית: חד-פסיגיים
македонски: Монокотиледони
Nederlands: Eenzaadlobbigen
日本語: 単子葉類, 単子葉植物
norsk bokmål: Enfrøbladede planter, enfrøbladinger
norsk nynorsk: Einfrøblada plantar, einfrøbladingar
polski: Jednoliścienne
русский: Однодольные
suomi: Yksisirkkaiset
svenska: Monokotyledoner, enhjärtbladiga växter
Tiếng Việt: Thực vật một lá mầm
Türkçe: Bir çenekliler
中文: 單子葉植物
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Monocots on Wikimedia Commons.