Incilius occidentalis

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Anura 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Incilius
Species: Incilius occidentalis

Name[edit]

Incilius occidentalis (Camerano, 1879)

Type locality: Guanajuato, Mexico.

Holotype: Syntypes - MZUT (3 specimens).

Note[edit]

The recognition of Incilius as a genus distinct from Bufo is highly controversial, and has not been accepted by many herpetologists working with this group. Pauly et al. (2004) discuss the phylogenetic relationships of species in this group, and retain the species within Bufo.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Bufo occidentalis Camerano, 1879
  • Bufo monksiae Cope, 1879
  • Cranopsis occidentalisFrost et. al., 2006
  • Incilius occidentalisFrost, 2008

References[edit]

  • Camerano, 1879, Atti Accad. Sci. Torino, Cl. Sci. Fis. Mat. Nat., 14: 887.
  • Pauly, G. B., D. M. Hillis, and D. C, Cannatella. (2004) The history of a Nearctic colonization: Molecular phylogenetics and biogeography of the Nearctic toads (Bufo). Evolution 58: 2517–2535.
  • Frost, 2008, Amph. Spec. World Online, vers. 5.2.
  • Frost, D. 2008. Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 5.2 (15 July, 2008). Electronic Database accessible at www.research.amnh.org/herpetology/amphibia. American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA. Incilius occidentalis
  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre IUCN: Incilius occidentalis  (Least Concern) (as "Bufo occidentalis")

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Pine Toad