Holothuroidea

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Main Page
Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Subphylum: Eleutherozoa
Superclassis: Cryptosyringida
Classis: Holothuroidea
Subclassis: Apodacea - Aspidochirotacea - Dendrochirotacea

Overview of ordines (6)[edit]

Apodida - Aspidochirotida - Dactylochirotida - Dendrochirotida - Elasipodida - Molpadiida

References[edit]

  • Kerr, A. 2000: Evolution and Systematics of Holothuroidea (Echinodermata). Thesis, Yale University.
  • O’Loughlin, P.M. 2009: BANZARE holothuroids (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Zootaxa, 2196: 1-18. Abstract & excerpt PDF reference page 
  • Pawson, D.L.; Pawson, D.J.; King, R.A. 2010: A taxonomic guide to the Echinodermata of the South Atlantic Bight, USA: 1. Sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea). Zootaxa, 2449: Preview PDF
  • Smiley, S. 1994: Holothuroidea. In: Harrison, F. W. and F.-S. Chia, eds. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates. Volume 14. Echinodermata. New York: Wiley-Liss, 401-471.
  • Smith, A.B. 1997: Echinoderm larvae and phylogeny. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 28: 219-241.

Vernacular names[edit]

Bahasa Indonesia: Teripang
čeština: Sumýši
Deutsch: Seegurken
Ελληνικά: Ολοθούρια, Αγγούρια της θάλασσας
English: Sea cucumbers
español: Pepinos de mar
italiano: Cetrioli di mare, Oloturie
македонски: Морски краставици
polski: strzykwy
slovenčina: Holotúrie
suomi: Merimakkarat
Tiếng Việt: Hải sâm
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Holothuroidea on Wikimedia Commons.