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Taxonavigation: Exocoetoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Infraclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Series: Percomorpha
Cladus: Ovalentaria
Cladus: Atherinomorpha
Ordo: Beloniformes
Subordo: Belonoidei
Superfamilia: Exocoetoidea

Familia: Hemiramphidae
Subfamiliae: Hemiramphinae


  • Collette, Bruce B. (2004) Family Hemiramphidae Gill 1859 – halfbeaks. California Academy of Sciences Annotated Checklists of Fishes. PDF
  • Lovejoy, N. R., M. Iranpour, & B. B. Collette (2004) Phylogeny and jaw ontogeny of beloniform fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 44(5):366–377. [1]
  • Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0471250317. 
  • Wainwright, P.C. et al. 2012: The evolution of pharyngognathy: a phylogenetic and functional appraisal of the pharyngeal jaw key innovation in labroid fishes and beyond. Systematic biology, 61(6): 1001-1027. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/sys060 reference page 


Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Polozobánkovití
English: halfbeaks
polski: półdziobcowate
ไทย: ปลาเข็ม, ปลากระทุงเหว
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hemiramphidae on Wikimedia Commons.