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Taxonavigation: Exocoetoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis/Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Infraclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohort: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohort: Clupeocephala
Cohort: Euteleosteomorpha
Subcohort: Neoteleostei
Infracohort: Eurypterygia
Section: Ctenosquamata
Subsection: Acanthomorphata
Division: Euacanthomorphacea
Subdivision: Percomorphaceae
Series: Ovalentaria
Cladus: Atherinomorpha
Ordo: Beloniformes
Subordo: Belonoidei
Superfamilia: Exocoetoidea

Familia: Hemiramphidae
Subfamiliae: Hemiramphinae


  • Collette, Bruce B. (2004) Family Hemiramphidae Gill 1859 – halfbeaks. California Academy of Sciences Annotated Checklists of Fishes. PDF
  • Lovejoy, N. R., M. Iranpour, & B. B. Collette (2004) Phylogeny and jaw ontogeny of beloniform fishes. Integrative and Comparative Biology. 44(5):366–377. [1]
  • Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0471250317. 
  • Wainwright, P.C., Smith, W.L., Price, S.A., Tang, K.L., Ferry, L.A., Sparks, J.S. & Near, T.J. 2012. The evolution of pharyngognathy: a phylogenetic and functional appraisal of the pharyngeal jaw key innovation in labroid fishes and beyond. Systematic biology 61(6): 1001–1027. (PDF) doi: 10.1093/sysbio/sys060 Reference page. 


Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: Polozobánkovití
English: halfbeaks
polski: półdziobcowate
ไทย: ปลาเข็ม, ปลากระทุงเหว
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hemiramphidae on Wikimedia Commons.