Gmelina asiatica

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Gmelina asiatica
Gmelina asiatica


Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Premnoideae
Genus: Gmelina
Species: Gmelina asiatica



Gmelina asiatica L. (1753)


  • Heterotypic
    • Bignonia discolor A.Rich., Voy. Astrolabe 2: 29 (1834), nom. illeg.
    • Gmelina asiatica f. inermis (Blanco) Moldenke, Phytologia 55(1): 42 (1984).
    • Gmelina asiatica f. lobata Moldenke, Phytologia 55(1): 47 (1984).
    • Gmelina asiatica f. parvifolia (Roxb.) Moldenke, Phytologia 55(1): 42 (1984).
    • Gmelina inermis Blanco, Fl. Filip. 493 (1837).
    • Gmelina lobata Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 268 (1788).
    • Gmelina parvifolia Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 2: 32 (1802).
    • Premna parvifolia Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 388 (1821).


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Indian subcontinent
      • Andaman Is., Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Southeastern asia
      • Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Vietnam
    • Introduced into:
      • Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Philippines

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references


Additional references

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page
  • Bramley, G.L.C. (2019). Flora Malesiana 23: 1-444. Noordhoff-Kolff N.V., Djakarta.

Vernacular names

தமிழ்: இந்திய குமிழ்
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Gmelina asiatica on Wikimedia Commons.