- Holotype: MNRJ 32538.
- Paratypes: DZUFMG 47 (1), 48 (1), DZUFMG 49 (1); MBML 2047 (2); MNRJ 32539 (1, CS), 31460 (2).
Type locality: Brazil, Minas Gerais State, Nanuque, rio Mucuri, downstream from Santa Clara Dam, approximately 17°53’28”S, 40°12’58”W .
Etymology: The specific name is a reference to the Botocudo, the generic name given to native indigenous people wearing artifacts (“botoques”) on ears and lips. Those Indians were the original inhabitants of large extensions of the Floresta Atlântica (Paraíso, 1992), including the lands along the rio Mucuri valley and far west, to the rio Doce, range of this Glanidium species.
- Sarmento-Soares, L. M. & Martins-Pinheiro, R. F.; 2013: Glanidium botocudo, a new species from the rio Doce and rio Mucuri, Minas Gerais, Brazil (Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) with comments on taxonomic position of Glanidium bockmanni Sarmento-Soares & Buckup. Neotropical Ichthyology, 11 (2): 265–274.