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Taxonavigation: Gentianales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Gentianaceae
Tribus: Gentianeae
Subtribus: Gentianinae
Genera: Crawfurdia – Gentiana – Kuepferia – Metagentiana – Sinogentiana – Tripterospermum


Gentianinae G.Don Gen. Syst. Dichl. Pl. 4: 173. (1838)

Note: The classification of this subtribe is still unclear. Tripterospermum and Crawfurdia are monophyletic, but Metagentiana and Gentiana are still found to be polyphyletic (Favre et al., 2010, Favre et al., 2014 & Struwe, 2014). Sinogentiana and Kuepferia have been proposed to help deal with this, but to date there is poor consensus as to their acceptance.


  • Don, G. 1838. A General History of the Dichlamydeous Plants 4: 173.
  • Favre, A., Yuan, Y-M., Küpfer, P. & Alvarez, N. 2010. Phylogeny of subtribe Gentianinae (Gentianaceae): biogeographic inferences despite limitations in temporal calibration points. Taxon 59: 1701–1711. Full text from ResearchGate Reference page
  • Favre, A., Matuszak, S., Sun, H., Liu, E., Yuan, Y.M. & Muellner-Riehl, A.N. 2014. Two new genera of Gentianinae (Gentianaceae): Sinogentiana and Kuepferia supported by molecular phylogenetic evidence. Taxon 63(2): 342-354. doi: 10.12705/632.5 Reference page
  • Struwe, L., Kadereit, J.W., Klackenberg, J., Nilsson, S., Thiv, M., Hagen, K.V. & Albert, V.A. 2002. Systematics, character evolution and biogeography of Gentianaceae, including a new tribal and subtribal classification. 21-309. In: Struwe, L. & Albert, V.A. (eds.), Gentianaceae: Systematics and Natural History, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. doi: 10.1017/CBO9780511541865.003 Reference page
  • Struwe, L. 2014. Classification and evolution of the family Gentianaceae. Pp. 13-35. In: Rybczynski, J.J., Davey, M.R., & Mikula, A. (eds), The Gentianaceae Volume 1: Characterization and Ecology. Springer, Heidelberg. Full text PDF Reference page
  • 2017. Gentianinae . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2017 July 23.

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: كوشادينة