Ferocactus hamatacanthus

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Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Ferocactus hamatacanthus

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Cacteae
Genus: Ferocactus
Sectio: F. sect. Bisnaga
Species: Ferocactus hamatacanthus
Subspecies: F. h. subsp. hamatacanthus – F. h. subsp. sinuatus

Name

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Ferocactus hamatacanthus (Muehlenpf.) Britton & Rose

Synonyms

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  • Echinocactus hamatacanthus Muehlenpf. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 14(47): 371. 1846 syn. sec. Hunt 2006
  • Hamatocactus hamatacanthus (Muehlenpf.) F.M.Knuth, Kaktus-ABC: 353. 1936 ["1935"] syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Echinocactus longihamatus Galeotti, Abbild. Beschr. Cact. 2: pl. 16. 1848 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Echinocactus setispinus var. longihamatus (Galeotti ex Pfeiff.) Poselg. in Allg. Gartenzeitung 21: 119. 1853 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Echinocactus hamatacanthus var. longihamatus (Galeotti ex Pfeiff.) J.M.Coult. in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 365. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus flexispinus Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck., ed. 1849: 159. 1850 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Echinocactus longihamatus var. brevispinus Engelm. in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 274. 1856 syn. sec. Tropicos
  • Echinocactus hamatacanthus var. brevispinus (Engelm.) J.M.Coult. in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3: 366. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Echinocactus longihamatus f. brevispinus (Engelm.) Schelle, Handb. Kakteenkult.: 160. 1907 syn. sec. Tropicos
    • Echinocactus uncinatus Engelm. ex Scheer, Bot. Voy. Herald: 290. 1856 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus longihamatus var. crassispinus Engelm. in Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 274. 1857 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Ferocactus hamatacanthus var. crassispinus (Engelm.) L.D.Benson in Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 46: 80. 1974 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus texensis var. treculianus C.F.Först., Handb. Cacteenk., ed. 2: 504. 1885 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Echinocactus longihamatus var. bicolor F.A.C.Weber in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 3: 140. 1893 syn. sec. WFO 2019
    • Echinocactus gerardii F.A.C.Weber, Dict. Hort. 1: 468. 1896 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
    • Echinocactus deflexispinus Gruson in Schumann, Gesamtbeschr. Kakt.: 343. 1898 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Echinocactus longihamatus var. deflexispinus F.A.C.Weber in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 12: 69. 1902 syn. sec. WFO 2019
    • Echinocactus longihamatus var. insignis F.A.C.Weber in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 12: 69. 1902 syn. sec. WFO 2019
    • Echinocactus insignis Haage Jr. in Monatsschr. Kakteenk. 5: 76. 1905 syn. sec. Britton & Rose 1922
    • Brittonia davisii Houghton & C.A.Armstr. in Cact. J. (Croydon) 2: 64. 1934 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)
  • Hamatocactus hamatacanthus var. davisii (Houghton & C.A.Armstr.) W.T.Marshall in Marshall & Bock, Cactaceae: 145. 1941 syn. sec. Kew WCVP (2019)

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast
    • Regional: Southern Central USA
      • New Mexico, Texas

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Additional references

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Vernacular names

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English: Turk's head
español: Biznaga-barril costillona
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Ferocactus hamatacanthus on Wikimedia Commons.