Euphorbia abyssinica

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Euphorbia abyssinica
Euphorbia abyssinica


Taxonavigation: Malpighiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Euphorbiaceae
Subfamilia: Euphorbioideae
Tribus: Euphorbieae
Subtribus: Euphorbiinae
Genus: Euphorbia
Subgenus: E. subg. Euphorbia
Sectio: E. sect. Euphorbia
Species: Euphorbia abyssinica


Euphorbia abyssinica J.F.Gmel. (1791)


  • Heterotypic
    • Euphorbia abyssinica var. erythraeae A.Berger, Sukkul. Euphorb. 73. 1907 publ. 1906.
    • Euphorbia abyssinica var. tetragona Schweinf., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7(App. 1): 319. 1899.
    • Euphorbia acrurensis N.E.Br. in Oliv. et al., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1.4): 595. 1912.
    • Euphorbia aethiopum Croizat
    • Euphorbia controversa N.E.Br. in Oliv. et al., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1.4): 588. 1912.
    • Euphorbia disclusa N.E.Br. in Oliv. et al., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1.4): 592. 1912.
    • Euphorbia erythraeae (Berger) N.E.Br. in Oliv. et al., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1.4): 595. 1912, nom. illeg.
    • Euphorbia grandis Lem., Ill. Hort. 4(Misc.): 101. 1857.
    • Euphorbia hararensis Pax, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 632. 1907.
    • Euphorbia neglecta N.E.Br. in Oliv. et al., Fl. Trop. Afr. 6(1.4): 593. 1912.
    • Euphorbia neutra A.Berger, Sukkul. Euphorb. 71. 1907 publ. 1906.
    • Euphorbia obovalifolia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 239. 1850.
    • Euphorbia officinarum var. kolquall Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 884. 1799.
    • Euphorbia richardiana Baill., Recueil Observ. Bot. 1: 105. 1861.


Euphorbia aerurensis N.E.Br. is listed in the synonymy of this species (African Plants Database (version 3.3.2)). The name has not been traced and is possibly only a misprint for Euphorbia acrurensis N.E.Br.


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Djibouti; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Somalia; Sudan

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: العربية:
Deutsch: abessinische Wolfsmilch
English: Abyssinian spurge, desert-candle
eesti: ቁልቋል
日本語: ランガク
русский: Молочай абиссинский
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Euphorbia abyssinica on Wikimedia Commons.