Eryngium billardierei

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Eryngium billardierei

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Apiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Eryngium
Species: Eryngium billardierei

Name[edit]

Eryngium billardierei F.Delaroche, Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 87. 1807; Eryng. Alep. hist.: 25, t. 2 (1808). (as “E. Billardierii”, often called “E. billardieri”)

  • Typus: "Habitat in Oriente." [Syria, Lebanon] “Eryngium billardierei Del. / Syrie-Liban/M. Labillar[d]ière / Hb. Delessert” (Holotypus: G).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Eryngium balchanicum Bobrov in Schischkin, Fl. URSS 16: 589. 1950.
      • Typus: [Turkmenistan] “Nr. 286 / Eryngium sp. n. to Billar[d}ierei affinis / Turkmenistan, B. Balkhany Podnozhie / yuzhnogo sklona bl. r. Berktscheme / 3. VI. 1928 leg. E. Bobrov et A. Jarmolenko. / Iter Austro-Turkestanicum. B.A. Fedtschenko 1928.” (Holotypus: LE).
    • Eryngium caerulescens Jacquem. ex C.B.Clarke in J. D. Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2(6): 670. 1879. nom. illeg.
    • Eryngium noeanum Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. ser. 2, 2: 72. 1856.
      • Typus: [Iran] “Herbarium Noeanum / no. 1112 Eryngium noeanum Boiss. / Kirrind in Persia Septbr./ 1851 ego!” Noë (Holotypus: G-BOIS).
    • Eryngium nigromontanum Boiss. & Buhse, Nouv. Mem. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 12: 95. 1860.
      • Typus:: [Azerbaijan] “Herb. Buhse Riga / Eryngium billardierei Laroch. / γ. meiocephalum Boiss./ Fl. or. II, 825 / Tab. ined XXXIV. E. nigromontanum / Aufz. S. 95 / Karadagh (Aderbeidshan) Juli / 1847” (Lectotypus, designated by Wörz 2011: 148: LE, Herb. Buhse, Isolectotypus: G-BOIS).
      • Eryngium billardierei var. nigromontanum (Boiss. & Buhse) Wolff in Engler, Pflanzenr. IV. 288 (61): 150. 1913.
      • Eryngium billardierei var. meiocephalum Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 825. 1872.
    • Eryngium orientale Stapf & Wettst., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. KL. 51: 315. 1886, nom. illeg. non Mill. (1768)

Homonyms[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Gruziya, Nakhichevan)
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan (Farah, Faryab, Ghorat, Herat, Kabul, Kandahar), Iran (EC-Iran, NE-Iran: Mts., N-Iran, Iranian Aserbaijan, W-Iran), Iraq (NE-Iraq), Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon: Antilebanon, C-Lebanon; Syria), Turkey (E-Anatolia, Inner Anatolia, NE-Anatolia, SE-Anatolia)
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Eryngium billardierei on Wikimedia Commons.