Equus ferus caballus

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Equus ferus caballus

Таксонавигация

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Таксонавигация: Equoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Cladus: Synapsida
Cladus: Eupelycosauria
Cladus: Sphenacodontia
Cladus: Sphenacodontoidea
Cladus: Therapsida
Cladus: Theriodontia
Cladus: Cynodontia
Cladus: Eucynodontia
Cladus: Probainognathia
Cladus: Prozostrodontia
Cladus: Mammaliaformes
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Trechnotheria
Infraclassis: Zatheria
Supercohors: Theria
Cohors: Eutheria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Cladus: Boreoeutheria
Superordo: Laurasiatheria
Cladus: Scrotifera
Cladus: Ferungulata
Cladus: Euungulata
Ordo: Perissodactyla
Superfamilia: Equoidea

Familia: Equidae
Subfamilia: Equinae
Tribus: Equini
Genus: Equus
Species: Equus ferus
Subspecies: Equus ferus caballus

Название

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Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758

  • Типовая местность: "Habitat in Europa" (= Sweden?); based on domestic horses.
  • Оригинальная комбинация: Equus Caballus Linnaeus, 1758

Alternative treatments

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  • Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 [if treated as subspecies of ferus, which name should have priority over the domestic form at species level per ICZN Opinion 2027; conversely, MSW 3 treated ferus as a subspecies of caballus, but see below]. Note, as at May 2023, the term Equus ferus caballus is still used in the scientific literature for the domestic horse (example: 3,120 hits on Google Scholar, date range 2010-2023), but less frequently than Equus caballus over the same period ("about 18,000 results").
  • Equus caballus caballus Linnaeus, 1758: Wilson & Reeder, Mammal Species of the World (3rd edition), 1995 - online version at https://www.departments.bucknell.edu/biology/resources/msw3/browse.asp?id=14100016 [incorrect]. This treatment is equivalent to the above, i.e. domestic horse treated as a subspecies of a larger taxon covering both domestic and wild horses, except in MSW 3's view the correct specific name for the larger taxon was caballus, not ferus. In this view, the larger taxon is caballus and its included subspecies are then caballus (nominate subspecies), ferus (as E. c. ferus) and przewalskii (as E. c. przewalskii). However, the selection of caballus for the name of the larger, more inclusive taxon was later recognised to have been an error made at the time by the author of that section based on a mis-interpretation of ICZN Opinion 2027, but one that could not subsequently be corrected in the print version, for full details refer Groves & Grubb, 2011, p. 8.

Note that more recent authorities tend to treat both caballus and ferus as separate species, while generally (but not exclusively) retaining przewalskii at subspecies level, i.e. of ferus as per the Mammal Diversity Database; for an alternative view regarding the ranking of the latter taxon, refer Groves & Grubb, 2011.

Источники

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Первичные источники

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Дополнительные источники

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  • Groves, C.; Grubb, P. (2011). Ungulate Taxonomy. Baltimore, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 179. ISBN 978-1-4214-0093-8.
  • ICZN 2003. OPINION 2027 (Case 3010). Usage of 17 specific names based on wild species which are pre-dated by or contemporary with those based on domestic animals (Lepidoptera, Osteichthyes, Mammalia): conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 60(1): 81–85. BHL Reference page

Ссылки

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Народные названия

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Afrikaans: Perd
ak: Pɔnkɔ
العربية: حصان
অসমীয়া: ঘোঁৰা
Aymar aru: Kawallu
беларуская: Конь
български: Кон
বাংলা: ঘোড়া
català: Cavall
Deutsch: Pferd
eʋegbe: Esɔ
Ελληνικά: Άλογο
English: Horse
Esperanto: Ĉevalo
español: Caballo
فارسی: اسب
suomi: Hevonen
Nordfriisk: Hingst
français: Cheval
עברית: סוס הבית
hrvatski: Domaći konj
magyar: Ló
հայերեն: Պրժևալսկու ձի
íslenska: Hestur
italiano: Cavallo
日本語: ウマ
한국어: 말
ລາວ: ມ້າ
Mirandés: Cabalho
Nāhuatl: Cahuāyoh
Nederlands: Paard
Diné bizaad: Łį́į́ʼ
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଘୋଡ଼ା
polski: Koń domowy
português: Cavalo
română: Cal
русский: Лошадь домашняя
slovenščina: Konj
svenska: Häst
தமிழ்: குதிரை
ไทย: ม้า
Tagalog: Kabayo
Türkçe: At
татарча / tatarça: Ат
українська: Свійський кінь
vèneto: Caval
Volapük: Jevod
中文: 馬
Wikimedia Commons См. также медиафайлы в категории Equus ferus caballus на Викискладе.