Epiphyllum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Cactoideae
Tribus: Hylocereeae
Genus: Epiphyllum
Species: E. baueri – E. cartagense – E. chrysocardium – E. grandilobum – E. hookeri – E. laui – E. oxypetalum – E. phyllanthus – E. pumilum – E. thomasianum

Source(s) of checklist: 
  • Korotkova, N. et al. 2021. Epiphyllum in Cactaceae at Caryophyllales.org. A global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Dec 22. Reference page

Name[edit]

Epiphyllum Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ. 197. 1812.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Phyllocactus Link, Handbuch 2: 10. 1831, nom. superfl.
      • Type: Epiphyllum phyllanthus (L.) Haw.
      • Athrophyllum subg. Pyllocactus (Link) Labour., Monogr. Cact. 406. 1853, nom. inval.
    • Epiphyllum sect. Nocturna G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 170. 1834, nom. inval.
  • Heterotypic
    • Athrophyllum Labour., Monogr. Cact. 406. 1853, p.p. nom. illeg.
    • Cereus [infragen.unranked] Radicantes Salm-Dyck, Cact. Hort. Dyck. 1841: 31. 1841.
    • Cereus subg. Alati Salm-Dyck ex DC., Prodr. 3: 469. 1828, p.p., as Alatae.
    • Phyllocereus Miq., Bull. Sc. Phys. et Nat. Brux. 112. 1839, nom. superfl.
    • Marniera Backeb., Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 22: 153. 1950.
      • Epiphyllum subg. Marniera (Backeb.) Croizat, Phytologia 28(1): 19. 1974.
        • Type: Marniera macroptera (Lem.) Backeb.
    • Chiapasophyllum Doweld in Sukkulenty 4(1-2): 32. 2002.
      • Type: Chiapasophyllum chrysocardium (Alexander) Doweld

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Mexico to Tropical America
    • Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela
  • Introduced into:
    • Assam, China South-Central, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Florida, Leeward Is., Marquesas, Marshall Is., Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Society Is., Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Orchid Cacti, Leaf Cacti
español: Orquídea Cacto, Hoja Cacto
suomi: Lehtikaktukset
français: Cactus Orchidée, Cactus à Feuilles
polski: Epifyllum
svenska: Bladkaktussläktet
For more multimedia, look at Epiphyllum on Wikimedia Commons.