Cyphelium inquinans

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Caliciaceae
Genus: Cyphelium
Species: Cyphelium inquinans

Name[edit]

Cyphelium inquinans (Sm.) Trevis., 1862


Substrate and ecology: Usually on wood and dead, dry and decorticated twigs of living Larix, Picea and Pinus, also on rough acidic bark of old trunks of Larix, Picea, Abies, Quercus, and Betula

World distribution: Europe, western North America, South America, and Australasia

Sonoran distribution: Southern California at low to high elevations

Basionym
  • Lichen inquinans Sm. in Smith & Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 12: 810 (1801)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Acolium inquinans (Sm.) A. Massal., 1853
  • Acolium tympanellum (Ach.) Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. (London) 1: 482 (1821)
  • Calicium inquinans (Sm.) Schaer., 1821
  • Calicium tympanellum Ach., Method. Lich.: 89 (1803)
  • Cyphelium lecanorinum (F.Wilson) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 667 (1922)
  • Cyphelium tympanellum (Ach.) Ach., K. Vetensk-Acad. Nya Handl.: 264 (1815)
  • Lecidea tympanella (Ach.) Link, 1833
  • Lichen inquinans Sm., Engl. Bot. 12: tab. 810 (1801)
  • Trachylia inquinans (Sm.) Rabenh., 1845
  • Trachylia lecanorina F. Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 66 (1889)
  • Trachylia tympanella (Ach.) Fr., Corpus Fl. Prov. Suec. 1: 282 (1835)

References[edit]

  • Trevis., Flora 45: 3 (1862)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Cyphelium (p. 291-293) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22465 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium inquinans, and distribution map for North America: p. 292; color photo: p. 292, plate 298)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Cyphelium (p. 145) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description, distribution map, color photo of Cyphelium inquinans: p. 145)
  • Purvis, O.W. (1992) Cyphelium Ach., 1815 (pp. 227-229) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium inquinans: p. 228)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Cyphelium Ach. (pp. 211-215) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium inquinans: p. 211; black-and-white photo and distribution map for the American arctic: p. 212)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Cyphelium (pp. 82-88) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25888 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Cyphelium inquinans: pp. 84-85)
  • Weber, W.A. (1967) A synopsis of the North American species of Cyphelium. - The Bryologist 70: 197–203.   (RLL List # 65 / Rec. # 20017 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (JSTOR) (Discussion of Cyphelium inquinans: p. 201)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Cyphelium Ach. (pp. 364-367) - Teil 1 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Cyphelium inquinans: p. 366)

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Cyphelium inquinans

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Cupped soot lichen,   Soot lichen