Chenopodium album

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Reilingen, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland
Fructus; Villa Prima, Limana (BL), Italia

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae
Tribus: Chenopodieae
Genus: Chenopodium
Species: Chenopodium album

Subspecies: C. a. subsp. album – C. a. subsp. borbasii – C. a. subsp. iranicum – C. a. subsp. pedunculare

Name[edit]

Chenopodium album L., Sp. Pl. 1: 219. (1753)

  • Type locality: "Habitat in agris Europae."
  • Lectotype (designated by Brenan 1954, Fl. Trop. E. Africa, Chenopod.: 6): LINN No. LINN 313.8.

According to Clemants, S.E. & Mosyakin, S.L., C. album is a loosely arranged aggregate of still insufficiently understood races, with hundreds of segregate microspecies and infraspecific entities (including nomenclatural combinations).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Atriplex alba (L.) Crantz, Inst. Rei Herb. 1: 206. (1766)
    • Botrys alba (L.) Nieuwl., Amer. Midl. Naturalist 3: 276. (1914)
  • Heterotypic (ref. Uotila 2011:)
    • Chenopodium album subsp. diversifolium Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 209. 1928
    • Chenopodium diversifolium (Aellen) F.Dvořák, in Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Purkyn. Brunensis, Biol. 16: 10. 1986
    • Chenopodium reticulatum Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 205. 1928
    • Chenopodium album subsp. reticulatum (Aellen) Greuter & Burdet, in Willdenowia 13: 282. 1984
    • Chenopodium glomerulosum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 579. 1832
      • Type: no original specimens could be found (Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018: 69.)
    • Chenopodium griseochlorinum F.Dvořák, in Feddes Repert. 105: 426. 1994
    • Chenopodium lanceolatum Willd., Enum. Pl.: 291. 1809
    • Chenopodium neoalbum F.Dvořák, in Feddes Repert. 103: 66. 1992
    • Chenopodium paganum Rchb., Fl. Germ. Excurs.: 579. 1832
    • Botrys pagana (Rchb.) Lunell, American Midland Naturalist 4(7): 305. 1916.
    • Chenopodium viride L., Sp. Pl.: 219. 1753
    • Atriplex viridis (L.) Crantz, Institutiones Rei Herbariae 1: 207. 1766
    • Blitum viride (L.) Moench, Methodus (Moench) 359. 1794
    • Chenopodium viridescens (St.-Amans) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Fl. Tirol 6(2): 109. 1909
    • Chenopodium album subsp. fallax Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 208. 1928
    • Chenopodium album subsp. ovatum Aellen, in Bot. Not. 1928: 209. 1928
  • (ref. Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018)
    • Chenopodium concatenatum Thuill., Fl. Env. Paris, ed. 2. 125. (1799)
      • Lectotype (selected by Iamonico & Mosyakin, 2018: 71): France. Paris, habitat in locis glareosis, an 1799, Thuillier s.n. Lectotype: G G00177356 [1].
  • (additional synonym names by The Plant List, 2016)
    • Anserina candidans (Lam.) Montandon, Syn. Fl. Jura 262. (1856)
    • Chenopodium agreste E.H.L.Krause, Deutschl. Fl. ed. 2, 5: 152. (1901)
    • Chenopodium bernburgense (Murr) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 174. (1912 publ. 1913)
    • Chenopodium bicolor Bojer ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium borbasiforme (Murr) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club Soc. Brit. Isles 3: 174. (1912 publ. 1913)
    • Chenopodium browneanum Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 275. (1820)
    • Chenopodium candicans Lam., Fl. Franç. 3: 248. (1779)
    • Chenopodium catenulatum Schleich. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 348. (1840), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium × densifoliatum (Ludw. & Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 426. (1987)
    • Chenopodium elatum Shuttlew. ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium laciniatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 59. (1824)
    • Chenopodium leiospermum DC., Fl. Franç. ed. 3, 3: 390. (1805)
    • Chenopodium lobatum (Prodán) F.Dvořák, Feddes Repert. 98: 571. (1987)
    • Chenopodium missouriense Aellen, Bot. Not. 1928: 206. (1928)
    • Chenopodium neglectum Dumort., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 4: 339. (1865)
    • Chenopodium opulaceum Neck., Delic. Gallo-Belg. 1: 130. (1768)
    • Chenopodium ovalifolium (Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 418. (1987)
    • Chenopodium paucidentatum (Aellen) F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 17: 431. (1987)
    • Chenopodium probstii Aellen, Mitt. Naturf. Ges. Solothurn 8(20): 56. (1928)
    • Chenopodium pseudoborbasii Murr, Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. xix. 51 (1901), hybr.
    • Chenopodium riparium Boenn. ex Moq., Prodr. 13(2): 71. (1849), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium serotinum Ledeb., Fl. Altaic. [Ledebour] 1: 405. (1829), nom. illeg. (later homonym of Chenopodium serotinum L., 1756)
    • Chenopodium subaphyllum Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 91: 421. (1895)
    • Chenopodium superalbum F.Dvořák, Scripta Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. J. E. Purkynianae Brun. 16: 33. (1986)
    • Chenopodium vulgare Gueldenst. ex Ledeb., Fl. Ross. 3: 700. (1851), nom. inval. in syn.
    • Chenopodium vulpinum Buch.-Ham., Numer. List 6954. (1832), nom. inval.
    • Chenopodium zobelii Murr ex Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 5: 72, 75. (1913), nom. inval.
    • Vulvaria albescens Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 1: 176. (1897), nom. illeg. (cites C. album L. as synonym)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
Chenopodium album distribution map (natural and introduced)
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal, Spain
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Ukraine
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • Macaronesia
      • Madeira Islands
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Caucasus
      • Azerbaijan, Georgia
    • Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

Naturalized elsewhere, occurs nearly worldwide:
"an aggregate of still insufficiently understood races, with hundreds of segregate microspecies and infraspecific entities" (Clemants & Mosyakin, S.L. 2008)


References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: Withondebossie
العربية: زربيح أبيض
azərbaycanca: Ağımtıl tərə
беларуская: Лебяда белая
বাংলা: বথুয়া, Chandaliya, Chandali, White Goosefoot, Fathen, Nickel greens, Dungweed
català: Blet blanc
kaszëbsczi: Łapùcha
čeština: Merlík bílý
Cymraeg: Troed-yr-ŵydd gwyn
dansk: Hvidmelet Gåsefod
Deutsch: Weißer Gänsefuß, Ackermelde, Schissmelle
English: fat-hen
español: cenizo, quinhuilla, ajea, altos, armuelle, armuelle borde, armuelles bordes, armuelle silvestre, armuelles silvestres, axea, berza de perros, berza perruna, bledo, bledos, bledos pestosos, bletos, burriquesos, cagadós, cañizo, cedijo, ceñidros, ceñiglo, ceñiglo blanco, ceñiglos, ceñiglo verde, ceñigo, ceñilgo, ceñilgos, ceñilos, ceñisgo, cenicera, cenilgo, ceniso, cenizo, cenizo blanco, cenizo común, cenizos, cenizo verde, chamarisco, chinizo, chirona, ciñidro, ciñilgos, ciñilos, cimielga, cincho, cisno, ciñublo, desajo, engordagochos, fariñento, fenifo, fenijo, flor de la sardina, gajo, genifro, genijo, genillo, hagea lebrel, hierba cana, jajo, jajo caballar, jajo rastrero, jenijo, ledo blanco, mata sucia, meldrasco, meldro, minjo, palero, peral, pispájaro, quinua silvestre, salao, senisell, senizu, yebón, yerba mala, zeniziallo, zeniziello, zenizón
eesti: Valge hanemalts
euskara: Sabi hostozuri
فارسی: سلمک (گیاه)
suomi: Jauhosavikka, Saviheinä
français: Chénopode blanc, Ansérine blanche, Chou gras, Senousse, Drageline, Poule-grasse, Poulette grasse
Gàidhlig: Càl Slapach
galego: Fariñento, Farnelo, Fariñón, Farnento
עברית: כף אווז לבנה
हिन्दी: बथुआ
hrvatski: Pepeljuga
hornjoserbsce: Běła pólšica, Žerich
magyar: Fehér libatop
հայերեն: Թելուկ սպիտակ
italiano: farinello comune
日本語: シロザ, 藜, 白藜
한국어: 명아주, 는장이
lumbaart: Farinèl, Farinèla, Farinèle
lietuvių: Baltoji balanda
македонски: Бела лобода
മലയാളം: വാസ്തുചീര
मराठी: चाकवत
မြန်မာဘာသာ: မြူ
norsk bokmål: Meldestokk
नेपाली: बेथु
Nederlands: Melganzenvoet, Melganzevoet
norsk nynorsk: Meldestokk
Diné bizaad: Díkʼǫ́ǫ́zhí yiltʼąąʼí, Tłʼohdeeítsoh
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਥੂ
polski: Komosa biała
پنجابی: باتھو
português: Ancarinha-branca
Runa Simi: Llikcha, Khuchi kinwa, Kuchi kinwa, Lliqcha, K'ita kinwa, Kinwilla
română: Laba gastei
русский: Марь белая, Марь обыкновенная
slovenčina: mrlík biely
slovenščina: Bela metlika
svenska: Svinmålla, Vitmålla
Türkçe: Ak kazayağı
удмурт: Сиёнпот, Няньпот
українська: Лобода біла
中文(简体)‎: 藜
中文(繁體)‎: 藜
中文(台灣)‎: 藜
中文: 藜, 灰菜, 灰藜
For more multimedia, look at Chenopodium album on Wikimedia Commons.