Chaenotheca trichialis

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Coniocybales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Coniocybomycetes
Ordo: Coniocybales

Familia: Coniocybaceae
Genus: Chaenotheca
Species: Chaenotheca trichialis

Name[edit]

Chaenotheca trichialis (Ach.) Th.Fr., 1860


Substrate and ecology: (Sonoran Desert Region): In dry, acid bark crevices and on wood on a wide variety of coniferous and deciduous trees, in moderately shaded and rather humid situations.

Basionym
  • Calicium trichiale Ach., 1808

Synonyms[edit]

  • Allodium trichiale (Ach.) Nyl., 1895
  • Calicium aeruginosum Turner, in Smith & Sowerby, 1813
  • Calicium aeruginosum subsp. caerulescens Turner & Borrer
  • Calicium elassosporum Nyl., 1875
  • Calicium trichiale Ach., 1808
  • Calicium trichiale subsp. cinereum sensu auct. brit., 2002
  • Calicium trichiale var. cinereum sensu auct. brit., non (Pers.) Carroll, 2002
  • Chaenotheca aeruginosa (Turner ex Sm.) A.L.Sm., 1918
  • Chaenotheca brunneola var. elassospora (Nyl.) A.L.Sm.
  • Chaenotheca elassospora (Nyl.) Zahlbr., 1922
  • Chaenotheca trichialis f. caerulescens (Turner) Nádv., 1942
  • Chaenotheca trichialis subsp. cinerea sensu A.L.Smith, non (Pers.) A.L.Sm., 2002
  • Coniocybe trichialis (Ach.) Rabenh., 1876
  • Cyphelium trichiale (Ach.) DeNot., 1846
  • Phacotium trichiale (Ach.) Trevis., 1862
  • Phacotrum aeruginosum (Turner ex Sm.) Gray, 1821

References[edit]

Primary[edit]

  • Th. Fr., Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3, 3: 251 (1860)

Secondary[edit]

  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Chaenotheca (pp. 112-114) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   [RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22402] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description, map and color photo of C. trichialis: p. 114)
  • Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 2 - Fruticose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 319 pp. (RLL List # 176 / Rec.# 6980 - Recent Literature on Lichens) Online Reference page. : Chaenotheca (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 76-88) (Description of C. trichialis: p. 87; fig. 19a, p. 81)
  • Purvis, O.W. and James, P.W. (1992) Chaenotheca (Th.Fr.) Th.Fr., 1860 (pp. 177-182) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   [RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. trichialis: p. 181-182)
  • Selva, S.B. 2014: The calicioid lichens and fungi of the Acadian Forest ecoregion of northeastern North America, II. The rest of the story. The Bryologist 117(4): 336–367.   (BioOne)   (Chaenotheca trichialis: pp. 347-348)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Chaenotheca Th. Fr. (pp. 66-69) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   [RLL List # 190 / Rec.# 24161] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. trichialis: p. 69)
  • Tibell, L. (1977) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Inledning och slaktet Calicium. The lichen order Caliciales in Sweden. Introduction and the genus Calicium. - Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 71: 239–259.   [RLL List # 100 / Rec.# 18596] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. trichialis: fig. 3A)
  • Tibell, L. (1978) Lavordningen Caliciales i Sverige. Slaktena Chaenotheca och Coniocybe. [The lichen order Caliciales in Sweden. The genera Chaenotheca and Coniocybe. - Svensk Botanisk Tidskrift 72: 171–188.   [RLL List # 103-91 / Rec.# 18599] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. trichialis: fig. 13)
  • Tibell, L. (1980) The lichen genus Chaenotheca in the Northern Hemisphere. - Symbolae Botanicae Upsaliensis 33: 1–65.   [RLL List # 111-80 / Rec.# 18602] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. trichialis: fig. 17)
  • Tibell, L. (1999) Calicioid lichens and fungi. - In: Ahti, T.; Jørgensen, P.M.; Kristinsson, H.; Moberg, R.; Søchting, U.; Thor, G. (eds.): Nordic Lichen Flora. Volume 1. Introductory Parts. Calicioid Lichens and Fungi. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, pp. 20-94.   [RLL List # 182 / Rec.# 21646] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of C. trichialis: plate 4)
  • Tibell, L. (2002) Morphological variation and ITS phylogeny of Chaenotheca trichialis and C. xyloxena (Coniocybaceae, lichenized Ascomycetes). - Annales Botanici Fennici 39(1): 73–80.   [RLL List # 194 / Rec.# 25272] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Tibell, L. and Ryan, B.D. (2004) Chaenotheca (pp. 57-61) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages. (Description of C. trichialis: pp. 60-61)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   [RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. trichialis: p. 122; color photo: p. 123)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Chaenotheca (Th. Fr.) Th. Fr. (pp. 277-286) - Teil 1) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   [RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of C. trichialis: p. 286)

Links[edit]

Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Chaenotheca trichialis

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Frog whiskers,   Needle lichen
Nederlands: Grijs schorssteeltje