Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis

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Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Cetraria
Species: Cetraria islandica
Subspecies: Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis


Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis (Räsänen) Kärnefelt, 1979

Basionym: Cetraria islandica var. crispiformis Räsänen, Ann. bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. fenn. Vanamo 18(1): 19 (1943)


  • Kärnefelt, I. (1979) The brown fruticose species of Cetraria. - Opera Botanica 46: 1–150.   (RLL List # 107-42 / Rec. # 9847 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Cetraria (pp. 213-219) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Full page color photo of Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis from coastal Alaska: p. 217, plate 190)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Cetraria Ach., 1803 (pp. 143-147) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis: p. 146)
  • Purvis, O.W. (1992) Cetraria Ach., 1803 (pp. 173-176) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of Cetraria islandica subsp. crispiformis: p. 176)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

suomi: Sirohirvenjäkälä