Carcharias taurus

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Carcharias taurus


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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Superordo: Selachimorpha
Ordo: Lamniformes
Familia: Odontaspididae
Genus: Carcharias
Species: Carcharias taurus


Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810: 10, Pl. 14 (fig. 1)

Type locality: [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. (No types known).


  • Carcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911: 37
  • Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878: 713, Pl. 186 (fig. 1)
  • Odontaspis cinerea Ramsay (ex Maclay), 1880: 96
  • Odontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928: 324, Figs. 13-16, Pl. 3
  • Lamna ecarinata Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899: 8, Pl. 6 (fig. 1)
  • Squalus macrodus Mitchill, 1818: 328
  • Squalus americanus Mitchill, 1815: 483


  • Rafinesque, C.S. 1810: Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i-iv] 3-69. Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71-105. Pls. 1-20.
  • Bonfil, R. & M. Abdallah 2004: Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. FAO. Rome: i-viii + 1-71.
  • Moore, A.B.M. , L.J.V. Compagno & I.K. Fergusson 2007: The Persian/Arabian Gulf's sole great white shark Carcharodon carcharias (Lamniformes: Lamnidae) record from Kuwait: misidentification of a sandtiger shark Carcharias taurus (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae). Zootaxa, 1591: 67-68.
  • Wirtz, P. , C.E.L. Ferreira, S.R. Floeter, R. Fricke, J.L. Gasparini, T. Iwamoto, L.A. Rocha, C. L. S. Sampaio & U. Schliewen 2007: Coastal fishes of São Tomé and Principe islands, Gulf of Guinea (eastern Atlantic Ocean) -- an update. Zootaxa, 1523: 1-48.
  • Carcharias taurus Report on ITIS

Vernacular Name[edit]

English: Grey nurse shark, Spotted ragged-tooth shark, Sand tiger
日本語: シロワニ
中文: 沙虎鯊