Carcharias taurus

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Carcharias taurus
Carcharias taurus

Taxonavigation[edit]

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Infraclassis: Euselachii
Division/Cohort: Neoselachii
Subdivision/Subcohort: Selachii
Superordo: Galeomorphii
Ordo: Lamniformes
Familia: Odontaspididae
Genus: Carcharias
Species: Carcharias taurus

Name[edit]

Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810: 10, Pl. 14 (fig. 1)

Type locality: [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. (No types known).

Synonyms[edit]

  • Carcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911: 37
  • Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878: 713, Pl. 186 (fig. 1)
  • Odontaspis cinerea Ramsay (ex Maclay), 1880: 96
  • Odontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928: 324, Figs. 13-16, Pl. 3
  • Lamna ecarinata Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899: 8, Pl. 6 (fig. 1)
  • Squalus macrodus Mitchill, 1818: 328
  • Squalus americanus Mitchill, 1815: 483

References[edit]

  • Rafinesque, C.S. 1810. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i–iv] 3–69. Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71–105. Pls. 1–20.
  • Bonfil, R. & Abdallah, M. 2004. Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. FAO. Rome: i–viii + 1–71.
  • Moore, A.B.M., Compagno, L.J.V. & Fergusson, I.K. 2007. The Persian/Arabian Gulf's sole great white shark Carcharodon carcharias (Lamniformes: Lamnidae) record from Kuwait: misidentification of a sandtiger shark Carcharias taurus (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae). Zootaxa 1591: 67–68.
  • Wirtz, P., Ferreira, C.E.L., Floeter, S.R., Fricke, R., Gasparini, J.L. Iwamoto, T., Rocha, L.A., Sampaio, C.L.S. & Schliewen, U. 2007. Coastal fishes of São Tomé and Principe islands, Gulf of Guinea (eastern Atlantic Ocean) – an update. Zootaxa 1523: 1–48.
  • Carcharias taurus Report on ITIS

Vernacular Name[edit]

English: Grey nurse shark, Spotted ragged-tooth shark, Sand tiger
日本語: シロワニ
中文: 沙虎鯊