Carcharias taurus

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Carcharias taurus


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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Chordata Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Classis: Chondrichthyes
Subclassis: Elasmobranchii
Superordo: Selachimorpha
Ordo: Lamniformes
Familia: Odontaspididae
Genus: Carcharias
Species: Carcharias taurus


Carcharias taurus Rafinesque, 1810: 10, Pl. 14 (fig. 1)

Type locality: [Sicilia] Sicily, Italy, Mediterranean Sea. (No types known).


  • Carcharias arenarius Ogilby, 1911: 37
  • Carcharias tricuspidatus Day, 1878: 713, Pl. 186 (fig. 1)
  • Odontaspis cinerea Ramsay (ex Maclay), 1880: 96
  • Odontaspis platensis Lahille, 1928: 324, Figs. 13-16, Pl. 3
  • Lamna ecarinata Hemprich & Ehrenberg, 1899: 8, Pl. 6 (fig. 1)
  • Squalus macrodus Mitchill, 1818: 328
  • Squalus americanus Mitchill, 1815: 483


  • Rafinesque, C.S. 1810: Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e piante della Sicilia, con varie osservazioni sopra i medisimi. (Part 1 involves fishes, pp. [i-iv] 3-69. Part 2 with slightly different title, pp. ia-iva + 71-105. Pls. 1-20.
  • Bonfil, R. & M. Abdallah 2004: Field identification guide to the sharks and rays of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes. FAO. Rome: i-viii + 1-71.
  • Moore, A.B.M. , L.J.V. Compagno & I.K. Fergusson 2007: The Persian/Arabian Gulf's sole great white shark Carcharodon carcharias (Lamniformes: Lamnidae) record from Kuwait: misidentification of a sandtiger shark Carcharias taurus (Lamniformes: Odontaspididae). Zootaxa, 1591: 67-68.
  • Wirtz, P. , C.E.L. Ferreira, S.R. Floeter, R. Fricke, J.L. Gasparini, T. Iwamoto, L.A. Rocha, C. L. S. Sampaio & U. Schliewen 2007: Coastal fishes of São Tomé and Principe islands, Gulf of Guinea (eastern Atlantic Ocean) -- an update. Zootaxa, 1523: 1-48.
  • Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., Paglinawan L., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Decock W., De Wever A., Didžiulis V., eds. (2014) Carcharias taurus in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 17th March 2014. Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Vernacular Name[edit]

English: Grey nurse shark, Spotted ragged-tooth shark, Sand tiger
日本語: シロワニ
中文: 沙虎鯊