Canoparmelia texana

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Canoparmelia texana


Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Canoparmelia
Species: Canoparmelia texana


Canoparmelia texana (Tuck.) Elix & Hale, 1986

Substrate and ecology: (Sonoran region): On pines and hardwoods in dry open woods or along roads in lower to mid-elevation montane areas.

Basionym: Parmelia texana Tuck. 1858


  • Parmelia texana Tuck., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 25: 424 (1858)
  • Pseudoparmelia texana (Tuck.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 191 (1974)
  • Parmelia exoriens Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 75 (1899)


  • Elix, Johnston & Verdon, Mycotaxon 27: 279 (1986)
  • Elix, J.A.; Johnston, J. and Verdon, D. (1986) Canoparmelia, Paraparmelia and Relicinopsis, three new genera in the Parmeliaceae (lichenized Ascomycotina). - Mycotaxon 27: 271–282.   (RLL List # 129-46 / Rec. # 4931 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Web site)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Canoparmelia (pp. 211-212) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of Canoparmelia texana and distribution map for North America: p. 212; color photo: p. 212, plate 184)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Canoparmelia Elix & Hale (pp. 54-56) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of Canoparmelia texana: p. 56; color photo: plate 4, D)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1976) A monograph of the lichen genus Pseudoparmelia Lynge (Parmeliaceae). - Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 31: 1–62.   (RLL List # 95 / Rec. # 7477 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Web site) (Illustration of Canoparmelia texana: p 51 [as Pseudoparmelia texana])
  • Nash III, T.H. and Elix, J.A. (2002) Canoparmelia (pp. 122-125) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of C. texana: pp. 124-125; distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 125)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Canoparmelia Elix & Hale (pp. 61-62) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of Canoparmelia texana: p. 62)
  • Zanetti, C. A.; Marcelli, M. P. and *Jungbluth, P. 2015: Comparative anatomy of Canoparmelia and Crespoa species (Parmeliaceae, lichenized fungi). The Bryologist 118(2): 184–194. (DOI: 10.1639/0007-2745-118.2.184)   (Figure 3. Transverse section of the thallus of Canoparmelia texana.)


Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Texas shield lichen,   Texan canoparmelia lichen
日本語: タナカウメノキゴケ